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国外六所大学诠释批判性思维(Critical Thinking)

发布时间:2021-03-09 09:10:07 阅读:1075 作者:致远教育 字数:1091 字 预计阅读时间:3分钟
导读:国外大学非常重视批判性思维(CriticalThinking)教育,然而这正是我们部分中国留学生所欠缺的,导致我们部分中国留学生在国外的求学之旅格外艰辛。那么如果大学是如何诠释判性思维(CriticalThinking)的重要性的?

国外大学非常重视批判性思维(Critical Thinking)教育,然而这正是我们部分中国留学生所欠缺的,导致我们部分中国留学生在国外的求学之旅格外艰辛。那么如果大学是如何诠释判性思维(Critical Thinking)的重要性的?本文致远教育小编为大家总结了国外六所顶尖名校对于批判性思维(Critical Thinking)的看法,一起来看看吧。

批判性思维(Critical Thinking)

1.斯坦福大学

批判性思维是系统地评估其他人的论点、思想和理论。批判性思维的基本思想是通过质疑,对其他人的论点、思想和理论是否可信形成一种有根据的观点。——斯坦福大学(2018年)

Critical thinking is a systematic evaluation of the arguments, ideas and theories of others. The basic premise of critical thinking involves asking critical questions to form an educated opinion of whether or not those resources are credible’ (Stanford University, 2018)

2. 哈佛大学

批判性思维包括三个要素:发现其他论点的弱点的能力,对良好证据有热情的能力,以及反思——且留意可能去改变——自己的观点和价值观的能力。——哈佛大学(2018年) 

‘Critical thinking consists of three elements: a capacity to spot weakness in other arguments, a passion for good evidence, and a capacity to reflect on your own views and values with an eye to possibly change them’ (Harvard University, 2018).

3. 爱丁堡大学

批判性思维是依据解释、理解、应用和综合,来对从观察、阅读和实验中收集到的证据做出清晰的、理性的判断的艺术。——爱丁堡大学(2020年) 

‘Critical thinking is the art of making clear, reasoned judgements based on interpreting, understanding, applying and synthesising evidence gathered from observation, reading and experimentation’ (The University of Edinburgh, 2020).

4. 开放大学

批判性思维就是审视想法、凭借你已经知道的知识评估这些想法,并且就这些想法的价值做出决定。批判性思维的目的是努力保持"客观"的立场。当你批判性地思考时,你权衡争论的方方面面,并评估其优缺点。——开放大学(2008年) 

‘To think critically is to examine ideas, evaluate them against what you already know and make decisions about their merit. The aim of critical thinking is to try to maintain an ‘objective’ position. When you think critically, you weigh up all sides of an argument and evaluate its strengths and weaknesses’ (The Open University, 2008).

5. 普利茅斯大学

批判性思维意味着提出疑问。与其赤裸裸地接受读到的和听到的表象,有批判性思维的思想家们在接受它们之前会寻找证据和好的理由。这是成为任何领域的科学家、研究员、学者或专业人士的核心。无论你在学习什么,批判性思维都是学习和进步的关键。——普利茅斯大学(2010年) 

‘Thinking critically means asking questions. Instead of accepting ‘at face value’ what you read or hear, critical thinkers look for evidence and for good reasons before believing something to be true. This is at the heart of what it means to be a scientist, researcher, scholar or professional in any field. Whatever you are studying, critical thinking is the key to learning and to making progress’ (Plymouth University, 2010).

6. 利兹大学

批判性思维是一项应该用于学习的各个方面的关键技能。作为一名大学生,你需要能够批判性地思考你工作中使用的资源和信息。在阅读他人的作品时,你需要提出正确的问题;你的写作需要表明你有能力权衡不同的论点和观点,并使用证据来帮助你形成自己的观点、论点、理论和思想。批判性思维是以开放的心态提问和学习。——利兹大学(2017年)

‘Critical thinking is a key skill that should be applied to all aspects of your studies. As a university student, you need to be able to think critically about the resources and information you use in your work. You need to ask the right questions when reading the work of others; your writing needs to show you have the ability to weigh up different arguments and perspectives and use evidence to help you form your own opinions, arguments, theories and ideas. Critical thinking is about questioning and learning with an open mind’ (Leeds  University, 2017).

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