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Essay连接词大全及使用方法

发布时间:2021-03-03 10:41:49 阅读:108 作者:致远教育 字数:2310 字 预计阅读时间:7分钟
导读:在Essay写作中,连接词是提高Essay内容连贯性和一致性必不可少的工具。如果缺少了连接词,Essay论点与观点、句子与句子之间的关系也会变得不清晰。本文致远教育为大家总结了Essay连接词大全及使用方法,一起来看看有哪些常用的Essay链接词吧。

在Essay写作中,连接词是提高Essay内容连贯性和一致性必不可少的工具。如果缺少了连接词,Essay论点与观点、句子与句子之间的关系也会变得不清晰。本文致远教育为大家总结了Essay连接词大全及使用方法,一起来看看有哪些常用的Essay链接词吧。

Essay连接词

Essay连接词类型

Essay连接词根据前后文关系可以分为顺序连接词、逻辑连接词、转折连接词、层次连接词等,我们来为大家介绍下这些类型的连接词。

顺序连接词

顺序连接词是英语Essay写作中最常见的一种连接词。Essay中经常会使用到顺序连接词来为论点排序。最常见的就是Firstly, secondly, (etc.)。此外,Essay中比较常见的还有in the first place, first of all, to begin with, in the second place, next, then, after, before, in the end, last of all, finally等,这些连接词一般都用在段落或句子开头,承接上文,引出后文。

如:

First of all, I’d like to talk about the benefits of the pets.

Then, I will show you which kind of pets are good to keep.

这两句句子前的顺序连接词First of all和Then,分别是首先、接着的意思,表达养宠物这个内容的深入和延续。

逻辑连接词

逻辑连接词常被用来连接两个短句,形成一个复杂的长句。逻辑连接词连接的两个短句往往有着一定的逻辑关系,例如因果关系、条件关系等,连接词具体连接因果或条件,还需要根据连接词的意义并结合上下文才能确定。常见的表逻辑关系的连接词有if, only if, when, whenever, unless等。

如:If I am bored, I will go to the amusement park.

Unless I’m mistaken, Jack’s house is the third on the right.

这两句的逻辑连接词分别是if和unless,分别可以译为“如果”和“除非”,连接条件,组成条件关系。

转折连接词

转折连接词即该连接词连接的短语或句子呈转折或对立关系,并且往往强调转折后的内容。转折连接词在Essay写作中出现频率很高,在论点变化时经常会使用。常见的转折连接词有:In comparison, however, but, on the other hand, alternatively, instead, in contrast, on the contrary, in fact, in comparison, despite, in spite of, nevertheless, for all that, yet, likewise, conversely等。

这其中In spite of, Despite, In contrast to, Contrary to等常连接两个对立的论点,后接名词性短语。However, Nevertheless, Yet, On the contrary, In contrast等常用来连接和前文对立的新观点,需要使用逗号。

例如:

I was in so much pain. Nevertheless, I went to basketball practice as usual.

Contrary to the strange food, England holds many good restaurants.

短语连接词

短语连接词

短语连接词其实就是指是短语的连接词。连接词可以是一个单词,有时也会是短语。短语连接词数量和单词连接词相比有很多,在使用时要注意不同短语在不同句子中的使用方法。

表时间的短语连接词有:after a while, at once, at this moment, at this point, before that, in the end, later on, on another occasion, until then等。

表转折的短语连接词有:by contrast, differs from, even so, in contrast, in fact, in other respects, in spite of this, in that respect, on the contrary, on the other hand等。

表因果关系的短语连接词有:all the same, an effect of, an outcome of, an upshot of, as a consequence of, as a result of, caused by, despite this, even though, under the circumstances等。

层次连接词

层次连接词在英语Essay中也很常见,常用来连接几个连贯且逐步深入的论点,因此层次连接词往往会以一个相似的形式在Essay中先后使用。

如:

First,… Second,… Third,… Finally,…

First,… Then,…Then,… Finally,…

First,… Next,… Then,… Finally,…

First,… Later on,…After that,… Last,…

First,…Besides,…In addition,… Also,…Finally,…

First of all,… Also,… Finally,…

Some think that… On the other hand ,…

My first reason is,… My second reason is… Then,… Again,… Finally,…

如果想在Essay中表达递进式的论点关系,就可以使用以上这些层次连接词。

例如:First, technology has enhanced our living quality… Second, technology has enriched our knowledge… Finally, technology will bring us a wonderful future…

表示时间的连接词

Essay写作中表示时间的连接词主要有:before, now, when, next, then, soon, afterward, a minute later, later, last, at last, finally, presently, thereafter, subsequently, lastly, after a short time, in the meantime, meanwhile, ultimately, the next week (month, day, etc.), on the following day等。这些连接词往往表示某一具体时间点,或时间段。

例如:He could play the piano before he was eight.

Mike started to walk home, one minute later he sees an accident.

高级连接词

高级连接词是相对英文Essay写作中的基础连接词而言的,基础连接词结构简单、较为常见、使用频率高,如and, so, then等。高级连接词结构复杂,使用频率相对较低,但是在Essay中出现高级连接词是一种很“拉风”的行为,Essay中合理使用高级连接词能表明作者词汇量丰富,思路清晰、写作技巧成熟。

Essay中比较常见的高级连接词有:in addition, moreover, furthermore, as well as, consequently, subsequently, therefore, hence, ergo, although, however, whereas, nonetheless, nevertheless, notwithstanding, on the other hand等。

在Essay写作中想要使用高级连接词时有个窍门,可以将同义的低级连接词换成高级连接词,比如将but换成however,so换成therefore,不过在替换时要注意语法和内容的准确性。

如这句话:Technology has enhanced our living quality. So we need to keep researching.

将so替换成高级连接词Therefore,句子就变成:

Technology has enhanced our living quality. Therefore, we need to keep researching.

这样句子看起来就比前一句就“高级”一些了。

正在演讲的留学生

演讲稿PPT常用连接词

在Essay写作的过程中,免不了会遇到些需要表达的时候,例如开题报告展示、答辩等。这类时候经常需要演讲稿、PPT并结合口头表述进行呈现。在这类时候,也需要使用到一些连接词,但是不需要像书面写作这么严谨,使用些简单、口语化的连接词衔接前后文即可。

例如在介绍主要观点的时候,可以用A major concern is, The crux of the matter, Fundamentally, The central problem is that, A basic point was, A significant issue has been等。

在强调某个观点的时候,可以用That is to say, So now what we have is, The point I am making is , Let me put that another way, In other words, As I have been saying等。

介绍另一观点的时候,可以用Now let’s consider, I’d like to move on to/look at, If I could now turn to, My next point is, Now what about, Let me move on to等。

需要举例的时候,可以用Let me illustrate this by, Take the case of, This is illustrated by, This is demonstrated by, An example of this is等。

演讲快结束、总结陈词的时候,可以用To sum up, Therefore, In conclusion, As a result, To recapitulate, To conclude, In summary等。

万能连接词大全

所谓的万能连接词,主要还是指一些在不同情况中都能使用的连接词。

常见的万能连接词有after, since, when, while, but, however, although, and, if等。这些连接词可以在不同的内容中连接不同的含义。

例如if,我们现来为大家举些例子:

If he has any merit, it is his German.

If Dad could see me now, I will be very happy.

He wondered if I knew Chinese.

这三句话中,if连接的部分分别属于转折、条件、假设关系,可见if是一个很实用的连接词。

当然,这些万能连接词的使用也要根据上下文意思和语法的准确度来酌情使用,不能因为“万能”就随便使用。

段落开头连接词

在段落开头适当添加连接词能更好地体现Essay的整体性和逻辑性,也能提醒读者注意Essay中的要点,对Essay的记忆更加深刻。常见的段落开头连接词有:besides, in addition to, having…, not only…but also…, although, while, even though, despite等,此外也可以使用些次序性的连接词,如first, second (etc.), meanwhile, subsequently, to conclude, finally等。

举例来说,假设我们刚刚写完一段Essay,这段内容的大意是:Technology has enhanced our living quality.那么下一段开头,我们就可以这样写:Meanwhile, technology has enriched our knowledge.也可以这么写:While technology has a lot of merits, it also brings a lot of damage.段落开头添加了连接词之后,Essay内容能更加通顺,段落与段落间的逻辑性也能更加严密。

结尾连接词

结尾连接词通常出现在Essay结尾处,用于总结Essay,重申观点。

常见的结尾连接词有:finally, in summary, to repeat, to sum up, briefly, in short, on the whole, therefore, in conclusion, as noted above, as you can see, undoubtedly, unquestionably, in any event, in other words, obviously, as I have said, without question, to be sure, without a doubt, in any case等。

例如:In conclusion, technology has changed our life.

以上就是致远教育为大家介绍的Essay写作中会使用到的不同类型的连接词,大家可以在自己的Essay里多多使用哦。

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