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Personal History Statement是什么?范文分享

发布时间:2020-10-19 16:50:56 阅读:199 作者:致远教育 字数:2475 字 预计阅读时间:8分钟
导读:相信PersonalStatement大家都知道,但是PersonalHistoryStatement是什么?又该怎么写呢?PersonalHistoryStatement(下简称PHS),是专门为了学校增强学生的diversity(即种族、阶级、性别认同等多元性)而涉及的...

相信Personal Statement大家都知道,但是Personal History Statement是什么?又该怎么写呢?Personal History Statement(下简称PHS),是专门为了学校增强学生的diversity(即种族、阶级、性别认同等多元性)而涉及的一篇文书,主要要求学生描述自己的社会背景,例如少数族裔背景等,外国申请人有时不需要写PHS。对于中国的申请人而言,貌似一部分博士学位只需要一篇SoP描述学术志趣,还有很多学位只需要一篇Personal Statement,这种PS大致有点类似于SoP和PHS的混合物。

Personal History Statement 范文

Personal History Statement 范文

I am impressed by the anomaly I have become: a female student of Mexican descent specializing in early modern European history. My undergraduate curriculum, which consisted mainly of English classes on Shakespeare or Milton and history courses on the Enlightenment and the Reformation, belied my ethnic origins. In fact, I can recall those uncomfortable moments in class when I would pause to glance around the room, realizing that I was the only brown student in a lecture hall of sixty or eighty students. Despite these occasional setbacks, I continued, headstrong, to pursue my passion for all things early modern. And I credit my academic success and accomplishments to my firm resolve to study only that which interested me and not that for which I was intended.

Yet there comes a time when an amateur scholar becomes a professional, at which point she must reconcile somehow her personal life and past with her new career and future. Finding myself on the verge of that transition, I feel it is an adequate time to reflect on how my scholarly interests intersect with my cultural upbringing. It is this odd but unique relationship between my identity as an historian of Renaissance Europe, my developing feminism, and my Mexican origins, that I want to discuss in this essay.

For reasons beyond my immediate grasp, I have always harbored special fondness for the period roughly described as the European Renaissance. I can recall briefly studying this era during a world history class in my elementary years. But any interests that may have been ignited were soon squelched in high school by the curriculum's necessary emphasis on American history, government and politics. My interests in early modern Europe did not truly blossom until I chanced upon a Western Civilization class my first year of college. Immediately, larger-than-life characters like Henry VIII and Leonardo da Vinci, and mass movements such as the Reformation and the French Revolution, took hold of my imagination in ways not anticipated. Though I tested my enthusiasm for history by exploring other epochs and geographies--even taking a course on race in Latin America--I always returned to that period which so held me spellbound.

Yet I had no one with which to discuss my newfound passion. Far too timid to talk to my professors about anything other than homework and writing assignments, I turned to my father, a history enthusiast like myself. But my father, who knew much about the Mexican history and important Latin American figures like Porfio Diaz and Che Guevara, could hardly be expected to sustain a conversation about my growing infatuation for the likes of Catherine de Medici and Louis VIV. Sadly, I experienced difficulty relating my background and identity to the people whose history I studied. My concept of history had always entailed a special, patriotic bond between the people of the past and their descendants. And I, the daughter of a Mexican immigrant, had no immediate ties to the fathers of Western civilization. Never had I even visited London, Rome, or Paris; only Mexico City, Guadalajara, and the tiny village where my father was born, Churintzio.

As my understanding the early modern period matured, however, my poetic concept of history changed dramatically. Indeed, there exists marked disparity between the history inculcated in grammar and high school which is heroic and uncritical and the analytical history university professors require students to practice. I eventually realized that I could study the early modern period from the position of a scholar interested in the ways that people of the past interacted with one another and reacted to the events that shaped their lives. In a sense, I assumed the role of an anthropologist who studies and dissects a foreign culture not only to better comprehend that culture and its symbols, but to gain unorthodox perspective on the world we inhabit today. Regardless of my ethnic background and origins, my analytical skills and flair for writing are strictly my own. However, my work ethic, I am proud to say, derives from my family, from a father who doggedly pursued the American dream, and from field-laboring grandparents.

Yet every academic needs his or he own niche, and I discovered mine when I stumbled upon the nascent but promising field of women's history. Though distanced somewhat from its original political agenda, feminism in academe remains strong and vibrant, evident especially in emerging works of history that not only detail women's historical struggles and realities, but forcefully argue that such experiences demand attention and incorporation into the historical record. My first encounter with this fascinating area of scholarship occurred during my junior year of college when I enrolled in a course on early modern women writers, and was inspired by stories of feminist scholars who were devoting their time and effort to rescue the works of women authors like Christine de Pizan and Elizabeth Cary from relegated obscurity. I soon realized that I had a real and honest investment in women's history and women's issues, for I, much like the women I studied, came from a culture where traditional patriarchal values were and continue to be upheld. Indeed, there is much to be said about the similarities between early modern patriarchy and contemporary Mexican machismo. Both rely on the hierarchy of the family to achieve social and moral stability. Both enforce the subordination of women's bodies through gendered codes of honor.

Perhaps the greatest testament of my promise as an historian of early modern women's history is my senior thesis, which earned me the 2003 Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Research. Entitled "Chaste, Silent, and Hungry: The Problem of Female Appetite in Early Modern England, 1550-1700," this project argued for the prevalence of a cultural discourse in early modern England concerned with regulating women's bodies and sexuality through regimented diet. A slew of conduct books which aggressively cautioned women against the dangers of food indulgence and satiation served as the foundation for this thesis. Unsurprisingly, at the heart of this study of the relationship between food mores and gender ideologies, was my own conviction in the power of culture and custom to inform women's experiences and self-perceptions.

My background, I would argue, has molded me into the scholar I am and the feminis historian I am in the process of becoming. Growing up within a male-dominated culture and family has made me keenly aware and sensitive to the contextual confines that oppress women's actions and desires; it has also made me appreciative of the imaginative and courageous ways in which women have collaborated and conspired sometimes tacitly, other times quite overtly to challenge and subvert patriarchal authority. I am fortunate to have known generations of resilient Mexican women, beginning with my grandmother who told fascinating stories of her life as an impoverished immigrant mother, ending with myself who struggles to straddle the liberal world of academe and the traditional domain of home and family. I channel my respect and admiration for female forbearance into my own work, and I bring an uncommon but insightful perspective to early modern history because of my unique Mexican origins.

此文文笔依然太美,譬如第一段几个画面排列,第二段开头第一句笔锋的转折,作者的文学修养可见一斑。但此文最重要的优点在于,它完全抓住了PHS这种物体的实质所在。PHS要求把自己个人的历史背景和未来的职业理想联系在一起,这位申请人的历史背景与其未来的职业八竿子打不着,说实话可能是一个弊端,但是这篇文章完全化腐朽为神奇。说到底,这还是因为作者本人对她专业的深沉热爱和深入了解。

我的观点是,真正优秀的PHS,绝不试图通过黑你周围的人来突出你的优秀。诚然,很多申请人都一不小心走进了这样的套路,说实在的这是一种很容易吸引眼球的写法,但它远远不是最好的。一切的院系都希望招收正直、自信、乐观、向上的学生,没有人希望招收对自己的背景充满怨念、对自己周围的人不屑一顾的申请人。Political Correctness这个概念就是美国人发明的的,它暗示着即使你不同意你周围的人的做法,你也应该试图跟他们和平相处。虽然黑周围的人很容易显示出申请人本身锲而不舍的奋斗精神和出淤泥而不染的高贵态度,但是在那些饱读诗书、对社会文化了解得很透彻的读者(which are 你的招生委员会的教授们)眼中,会显得非常naive。

而且我不知道是不是文科申请人对这个问题需要尤其提升敏感度。一个文科的系里面往往都有一部分教授在研究性别,一部分教授在研究族裔,一部分教授在研究阶级,那你根本几乎不可能黑世界上的任何一个群体,因为你不论黑什么群体,这些教授都心里一清二楚,很容易看出你话里的破绽来。

请看上面这篇文章,全文中何处透露了“墨西哥裔是一个持有很多错误观点的族裔,我研究文艺复兴表明我不与之同流合污”这种思路?——说实话在美国这个政治敏感的国家也没有人敢这么些。恰恰相反,她肯定了她父亲这个墨西哥小村出生的移民的学识、表现出对她族裔文化的欣赏、并且巧妙地把墨西哥族裔的文化背景与欧洲文艺复兴协调到了一起。又如,这位作者本科读了文学和历史两个学位,她也没有描述自己觉得如何文学不好所以才转投历史,而是一再强调自己的文学背景能给历史研究带来什么好处。这才是PS中应该出现的逻辑,是正面的、积极的逻辑,而不是负面的、以否定其它选项来达到目的的逻辑。如果我是招生官,我也想要找一个对自己的身份非常自豪的学生,而不是想要一个对自己的来处感到不满的学生。如果你要转专业、如果你要去做非主流的事情,你应该突出你的“独特”而不是突出“跟我不一样的都是不足的”。有千千万万个好理由可以为你的行为作出解释,黑你周围的人绝对不是其中之一。

然后再回过头来请大家反复研读这篇文章的第一自然段。PHS和PS的第一自然段非常非常重要,一定要吸引眼球,相反SoP的第一自然段就务必开门见山总结自己的研究兴趣。此文第一句就石破天惊,接下来通过若干意向的排列,勾画出一个与众不同但又积极向上的“我”的形象,最后一句wrap it up。一个多月前我第一次欣赏完此文的第一自然段之后,瞬间就觉得这世界上所有其他的PS和PHS都弱爆了TAT……

对于非英语母语的撰稿人来说,一定要反复proof read和找同伴peer review你的文书才行。

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