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Research Paper写作步骤

发布时间:2020-10-19 11:09:29 阅读:95 作者:致远教育 字数:1321 字 预计阅读时间:4分钟
导读:写一篇ResearchPaper需要你对你的主题有很强的了解,参考各种文献及资料,并对讨论的内容做出原创的贡献。前面的文章《ResearchPaper写作注意事项》为大家分享了写作注意事项,那么本文接着为大家分享ResearchPaper写作步骤。

写一篇Research Paper需要你对你的主题有很强的了解,参考各种文献及资料,并对讨论的内容做出原创的贡献。前面的文章《Research Paper写作注意事项》为大家分享了写作注意事项,那么本文接着为大家分享Research Paper写作步骤。

Research Paper写作步骤

步骤一:Write the introduction  

Research Paper引言应该解决三个问题:What Why How

在完成引言之后,读者应该知道这篇文章是关于什么的,为什么值得一读,以及你将如何建立你的论点。

What

明确论文的主题,介绍背景,定义关键术语或概念。

‍‍Why

这是引言中最重要,也是最难的部分。试着对以下问题给出简短的回答:你提供了什么新素材或新见解?你的文章帮助定义或回答哪些重要问题?

How

为了让读者知道文章的其他部分会有什么内容,引言应该包括一个关于将要讨论的内容的“Map”,并按照顺序简要介绍文章的主要内容。

步骤二:Write a compelling body of text  

大多数作者面临的主要困难是如何组织论文中呈现的信息,这也是论文大纲如此有用的原因之一。你还可以使用你的thesis statement和 topic sentences 来构造你的正文内容 :

√ topic sentences against the thesis statement;

√ topic sentences against each other, for similarities and logical ordering;

√ and each sentence against the topic sentence of that paragraph.

√ Be aware of paragraphs that seem to cover the same things.

√ If two paragraphs discuss something similar, they must approach that topic in different ways.

√ Aim to create smooth transitions between sentences, paragraphs, and sections.

步骤三:Write the conclusion  

结论的目的是帮助你的读者跳出论文的论点,给他们一种总结的感觉。通过确保读者理解你是如何解决引言中提出的问题,让文章有一种定局感。

结论不该出现的是:

× Offer new arguments or essential information

× Take up any more space than necessary

× Begin with stock phrases that signal you are ending the paper (e.g. “In conclusion”)

步骤四:The second draft  

在二稿的写作过程中有四个主要考虑的因素:

√ 检查你对论文的看法与初稿是否一致,更重要的是,你的论文是否仍然符合作业要求。

√ 如果你不能进一步证实这些观点,就删除它们,重新安排论文的内容。

√ 检查是否有不合适的部分,是否可以更好地组织你的想法。如果你发现旧的想法不像你预期的那样适合这篇文章,应该删除或精简它们。

√ 你可能还会发现,在写初稿的过程中出现了新的、非常合适的想法,可以把它们加在论文中。

步骤五:The revision process

修改润色过程中,确保你已经完成了论文的所有部分,并且论文尽可能清晰地表达出来。

通篇检查:

√ 确认你的论文完成了assignment指定的每一项任务

√ 检查段落的逻辑

√ 对照引言和主题句检查段落

段落检查

√ 每句话都有助于支撑主题句

√ 没有不必要或不相关的信息

读者不知道的专业术语是否已经进行解释

接下来,想想句子结构、语法错误和格式。检查你是否正确地使用了过渡词和短语来显示你的想法之间的联系。查找拼写错误,删除不必要的单词,检查标题格式和拼写等方面是否保持一致。最后,你需要确保你的论文的格式是正确的,参考文献引用格式是否符合规则。

步骤六:Research paper checklist

在提交论文之前,用这份 Research paper checklist 自查一下吧,如果以下几点都做到了,Meeloun小编相信你一定可以拿到高分 paper!

1.I’ve followed all instructions in the assignment sheet.

2.I’ve followed all formatting guidelines (page numbers added, identifying information included, spacing is right, font is uniform, etc.).

3.At the end of the paper I have a carefully formatted reference list, which conforms to the appropriate style manual’s guidelines (e.g. APA Style).

4.I have provided an appropriately formatted in-text citation for every piece of information from another source.

5.I’ve addressed any feedback from my professor or supervisor.

6.I have an interesting introduction, giving a sense of what my topic is, why it’s important, and how I will discuss it.

7.All of the key sub-arguments or claims are briefly pointed out or outlined in the introduction.

8.Near the beginning of each paragraph, I’ve used a good topic sentence.

9.Every paragraph is unified to convey one specific idea.

10.The relationship between each paragraph and the preceding paragraph or section is made clear by a good transition, in or before the topic sentence.

11.The relationship between each paragraph and the thesis of the paper is clear.

12.No paragraph is unreasonably short or long, being just long enough to explain or prove the point.

13.The relationship between each sentence and the preceding sentence is made clear, either through continuity in the topic matter or an appropriate transitional word or phrase.

14.I have a conclusion that does not present any new argumentative support to the thesis, does not merely repeat the information given in the introduction, and does not leave the reader unsatisfied or confused.

I’ve revised the document carefully, keeping in mind both global concerns and fine-grained details.

一篇research paper的写作步骤与技巧都在这里了,欢迎大家参考阅读,如有research paper代写需要,请联系网站客服。

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