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留学作业写作通用句型大全

发布时间:2020-04-30 13:52:23 阅读:269 作者:致远教育 字数:1576 字 预计阅读时间:5分钟
导读:留学生每到写论文作业的时候,大家会不会有这样一种感觉,这个句型好像已经用过很多次了,然后绞尽脑汁想出一个觉得不那么常用的句型。那么今天致远小编就给大家提供一些留学作业写作中可以用到的句型,按顺序从介绍到总结,统统都有。需要的同学们赶紧收藏吧。

留学生每到写论文作业的时候,大家会不会有这样一种感觉,这个句型好像已经用过很多次了,然后绞尽脑汁想出一个觉得不那么常用的句型。那么今天致远小编就给大家提供一些留学作业写作中可以用到的句型,按顺序从介绍到总结,统统都有。需要的同学们赶紧收藏吧。

留学作业写作通用句型大全

Introduction部分通用句型

通常来说,Introduction部分包含以下内容:

● 阐述研究背景或者重要性

● 简要回顾相关的文献

● 说明自己的研究问题或者论文的目的

● 陈述论文的整体叙述结构

对于不同的叙述内容,具体来说又有不同的分类。

01.阐述研究背景或者重要性

在陈述研究重要性时,如果是对世界和社会的重要性,我们可以用这样的句型:

◆ X is fundamental to …

◆ X has a pivotal role in …

◆ X is frequently prescribed for …

◆ X is fast becoming a key instrument in …

这几句都比较简单,但胜在清晰。

如果是说明研究问题对学科的重要性,以下的一些句型都可以使用:

◆ X is of interest because …

◆ X is a classic problem in …

◆ A primary concern of X is …

◆ X is a dominant feature of …

◆ X is an important aspect of …

◆ X is a fundamental property of …

有时候我们可能会说明研究问题在最近一段时间内愈受重视,借此来说明重要性。

◆ Traditionally, Xs have subscribed to the belief that …

◆ One of the most important events of the 1970s was …

◆ In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in …

02.简要回顾相关的文献

介绍完研究背景,我们有时也会需要简要论述其他人的研究。

◆ Studies of X show the importance of …    

◆ It has previously been observed that …    

◆ Several attempts have been made to …    

◆ Previous research has established that …    

03.说明研究目的或中心论点

接下来我们需要说明自己的研究目的或者中心论点了。在叙述论点或者观点时:

◆ This paper attempts to show that …

◆ The central thesis of this paper is that …

◆ In the pages that follow, it will be argued that …

◆ The aim of this essay is to explore the relationship between …

◆ The purpose of this paper is to review recent research into the …

说明研究目的时:

◆ The specific objective of this study was to

◆ An objective of this study was to investigate …

◆ This thesis will examine the way in which the …

◆ This study set out to investigate the usefulness of …

04.陈述论文整体结构

在介绍部分的最后,我们有时还需要去说明论文整体的叙述结构。

◆ The first section of this paper will examine…

◆ This paper begins by … 

◆ It will then go on to …

◆ My thesis is composed of four themed chapters.

◆ The essay has been organised in the following way.

Body部分通用句型

Body部分通用句型

Body是论文的主体部分,在具体内容方面我们没有通用的句型,不过几个固定部分我们还是可以借鉴的:

● 引用其他研究的具体内容

● 描述研究方法

● 陈述研究发现

01.引用其他研究

在文章中的引用,我们可能不会像介绍部分那样概述,会描述具体发现,比如我们在描述具体人员的研究发现时,以下句型都可以参考:

◆ Smith (1999) showed that reducing X to 190oC decreased … (see Figure 2).

◆ Smith (1999) demonstrated that when the maximum temperature is exceeded …

◆ Smith (1999) found that as levels of literacy and education of the population rise …

如果是说明该领域内之前研究人员的发现,一个或者几个。

◆ Previous research has established that …

◆ Data from several studies suggest that …

◆ It is now well established from a variety of studies that …

◆ A number of studies have postulated a convergence between …

02.描述研究方法

在描述研究方法时,我们有时会需要说明某种方法的优劣,我们为什么选择它。

◆ A major advantage of X is that …

◆ The benefit of this approach is that …

◆ X based methods provide a means of …

◆ X was selected for its reliability and validity.

有时候我们可能会用到问卷设计,需要对问卷进行说明。

◆ Seven questions, adapted from X, assessed …

◆ All survey questions utilised a 5-point Likert scale.

◆ Using a 5-point Likert scale, participants were asked …

03.陈述研究发现

在body部分,我们还会陈述研究发现,最常用的就是直接阐述。

◆ The current study found that …

◆ Another important finding was that …

◆ The most interesting finding was that …

◆ In this study, Xs were found to cause …

除了直接阐述,有时我们还会将结果与以前的发现进行比较。

◆ This study confirms that X is associated with …

◆ This finding was also reported by Smith et al. (1989).

◆ This finding is consistent with that of Smith (2000) who …

Conclusion部分通用句型

Conclusion部分通用句型

Conclusion部分则包含以下内容:

● 总结研究成果或论点

● 说明研究的意义或局限性

● 对进一步的研究提出建议

01.总结研究成果或论点

◆ This study has identified …

◆ This study has shown that …

◆ The research has also shown that …

◆ The second major finding was that …

02.说明研究的意义或局限性

在阐述发现之后,我们可以讨论一下这样研究的意义

◆ The findings will be of interest to …

◆ This thesis has provided a deeper insight into …

◆ The findings reported here shed new light on …

◆ The study contributes to our understanding of …

除了研究的意义,我们可能还需要指出其中的不足。

◆ Being limited to X, this study lacks …

◆ The small sample size did not allow …

◆ The major limitation of this study is the …

◆ This study was limited by the absence of 

03.对进一步的研究提出建议

最后,我们可以适当展望一下未来,对进一步的研究提出建议。

◆ The question raised by this study is …

◆ The study should be repeated using …

◆ This would be a fruitful area for further work.

◆ A natural progression of this work is to analyse …

好了,上面就是一些我们在留学作业写作中可以用到的句型,大家可以根据需要使用。最后,虽然这里的例句虽然不少,但肯定无法涵盖所有。所以学姐建议大家在阅读参考文献时,可以摘录一些通用的句型,同领域问题的研究,其实有很多方法、结论、背景介绍都是相似的,适当借鉴一些也很方便。

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