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硕士论文Proposal写作方法及范文模板

发布时间:2022-03-09 10:56:12 阅读:4032 作者:博远教育 字数:1891 字 预计阅读时间:4分钟
导读:硕士毕业论文的写作又关系到学位与毕业的问题,不得不认真对待。但事实上,硕士论文的写作也并不像想象中那么可怕,尤其是当我们前期做好准备,完成proposal之后,我相信你的论文将一气呵成。本文将就Proposal写作话题进行深入讨论。

硕士毕业论文的写作又关系到学位与毕业的问题,不得不认真对待。但事实上,硕士论文的写作也并不像想象中那么可怕,尤其是当我们前期做好准备,完成proposal之后,我相信你的论文将一气呵成。本文将就Proposal写作话题进行深入讨论。

英文硕士论文Proposal怎么写?

文章目录

1.Proposal是什么

2.Proposal写作结构

  2.1 引言

  2.2 文献综述

  2.3 研究问题

  2.4 研究方法

  2.5 结果与讨论

  2.6 结论

3.Proposal范文

文章正文

1.Proposal是什么

一言以蔽之,Proposal是一份详细的提纲以及概述。在正式着手写作论文之前,它“规划布局”,它有关于将一个未成形的想法转变为透彻研究的概念,它表明你将如何计划安排你的论文内容。

在写作论文之前,所有的学生都需要完成这样一份Proposal,在其中明确论文主题、研究内容、研究方法、意义及目的等,导师会根据Proposal提出相关建议想法。

2.Proposal写作结构

在Proposal中,需要展现多项内容,大体上包含的内容有:

2.1 引言

当我们接触到一个陌生人时,双方需要互相自我介绍,通过对对方背景信息的了解,为破冰提供了条件基础。Proposal的写作也是一样,起先读者对此是“一无所知”的,所以第一部分我们需要明确论文写作的“背景”信息,比如讨论的主体是什么,隶属于哪个领域,对这个主题的研究为什么是有意义的,以此与读者建立起联系。

2.1 文献综述

创新离不开庞大数量的知识储备,因此,在进行新的问题研究之前,研读该领域已经取得的成果是十分必要的。已经发表的文献有哪些,已经得出的结论是什么,使用了哪些研究方法、分析方法获得了这些结论,对现有内容的学习,帮助我们站在“巨人的肩膀”上推陈出新。

2.1 研究问题

包括具体研究问题的提出,根据这些问题设计了怎样的研究课题。此外,你还需要说明的是研究该问题的意义何在。

2.4 研究方法

研究方法无疑是一个重要的部分,因为不同的研究方法可能会带来截然不同的结论,针对问题使用恰当的研究方法,是保证数据有效性的前提。因此,在这个部分,我们需要进行详细的介绍说明,一方面帮助观者更全面地理解,另一方面也是自我思路详实梳理的过程。

2.5 结果与讨论

研究结束后,数据处理、分析便成为重要的工作。在这一部分,我们需要陈述相关的研究成果。对同样数据的不同分析,可能也会得出不同的结论。与此同时,我们的结论或许并不是最完善的,可能在得出结果之后,你发现了一些疑问,产生了质疑,没关系,我们不妨对此进行更多的讨论,从不同的角度阐述研究结果的意义。

2.6 结论

结论通常是对全文的总结和升华,即我们熟知的对全文主题、结果进行总结归纳,但这里,Proposal的结论部分略有不同,一般我们会针对本次研究方法的局限性进行说明讨论,以一种“未来”视角看待当下,看待本次研究,一方面指出研究带来的积极内容,另一方面,从研究的限制中看到指导未来研究的积极意义。

Proposal范文

3.Proposal范文模板

Proposal中包含的内容大体上有以上这些,但就具体的Proposal而言,其组织方式也会根据需求而呈现出不同的内容。这里给大家提供一份proposal范文模板

1.TITLE

Research proposal title should demarcate the main focus/ or theme of the proposed study.

2.STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Logically, the first step in any research is to provide a clear statement of the problem. This step is indispensable in the writing process in that it governs the organization and flow of the thesis/defense. The purpose statement should provide a synopsis of the purpose of the study, briefly define and delimit the specific area of the research, and foreshadow the questions to be raised. A problem may be stated in terms of a verbal statement, i.e., "The purpose of this research is to examine..." or "This study aims at ascertaining Problem could also be stated in the form of a question like: "Why are Muslims divided?" or "What are the factors associated with the rise of hate crime against Muslims in the West?

3.BACKGROUND AND HISTORY

The background and history highlights empirical foundations of research. The purpose of a background/history section is to give the reader the relevant facts about the topic and/or research site so that they understand the material or case in the proposal and how it links to the questions posed.

4.JUSTIFICATION OF THE PROBLEM

In stating the problem, it is also necessary to specify why it is important and what new insights may be found. What would be its net contribution to the body of knowledge in the field(s), and/or towards solving the problems for humanity at large?

5.LITERATURE REVIEW

A review of relevant literature is the third step and is of great significance. The literature review helps relate the proposed study to the larger ongoing discourse in the literature about a phenomenon, filling in gaps in the literature and extending earlier studies. The literature review is neither a chronological summary of related works nor a mere catalogue of previous studies published in the field. Literature review is a well-organized critical appreciation of related and relevant literature conceptually integrated within the logic of the proposed investigation. The student should show whether other researchers have studied the same or 引milar problems before, from what perspectives have these studies been conductedr and whether these researches have been theoretically or empirically adequate.

6.THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

A research problem should, where pos引ble, be set within the framework of a theory. A "theory* is a collection of interrelated law-like statements or hypotheses aimed at explaining a phenomenon. Theories suggest hypotheses to be tested. A hypothesis is a conjectural, conditional (if-then) statement linking two or more variables. Hypothesis grows out of theoretical or conceptual frameworks. The theoretical or conceptual framework and the resultant hypotheses will identify and name the important variables to be studied. The student must identify the variables and define the variables or terms conceptually and operationally.

Methods and Procedures

The methods or procedures section is undeniably the heart of the research proposal. This section normally includes four main areas: Thesis: the type of study being conducted, data collection procedures, the sample selection and data analysis plan.

Project: the type of project being created, artifacts to be generated, procedures.

7.Proposed Chapter Outline*

Research proposals also contain tentative chapter outline. It indicates the number of chapters the thesis or dissertation is expected to be composed of. It gives the tentative chapter headings with brief annotations of expected chapter content.

8.Bibliography and Appendix

The research proposal must contain a thorough, focused succinct bibliography. The candidate should follow the style appropriate to the primary field of study. The need for complete documentation generally dictates the inclusion of appropriate appendixes in proposals.

The Appendix should contain a copy of the instrument and other documents not readily available

具体到Proposal格式,就字数而言,一般保持在5000字左右,约2-5页。当然,不同学校、不同专业、不同导师的需求或许都是不同的,因此具体问题具体分析,按照学校、老师的要求是我们的“第一要义”。

通常,硕士论文的写作需要很长的时间,有时提前两个学期开始准备,在这样的“长期拉锯战”下,合理安排时间,制定计划可以帮助我们有条不紊地开展研究、写作,Proposal则会帮助我们使头脑中模糊的想法概念逐渐清晰起来,快速找到方向。同学们如果在写作过程中还有困难,也欢迎联系博远教育网站在线客服,我们竭诚为您提供各类proposal代写服务,价格有诚意,分数有保障,服务有质量。

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