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Hook Sentences写作八大常用手法

发布时间:2021-12-03 17:14:51 阅读:872 作者:博远教育 字数:2597 字 预计阅读时间:6分钟
导读:如何让你的论文吸引读者的注意力。为你的论文选择一个最佳的HookSentences,它应该简单明了,且包含创造性和信息性。你想知道如何实现这一目标吗?任何一篇论文、文章或书籍的开头都是至关重要的。

如何让你的论文吸引读者的注意力。为你的论文选择一个最佳的hook sentences,它应该简单明了,且包含创造性和信息性。你想知道如何实现这一目标吗?任何一篇论文、文章或书籍的开头都是至关重要的。它是读者在紧随标题后看到的第二部分。假设一个标题足够有趣,能让读者打开你的论文,那么第一句话就应该足够吸引人,让他们有继续阅读下去的欲望。同时,这句话应该表达出你的主题是什么。开头这句话被赋予重任,所以你绝不能掉以轻心。接下来我们继续阅读,了解更多关于你论文的第一句话——我们把它称作“hook”——以及你如何为你的论文写出好的hooks。

什么是Hook sentences?

1.什么是Hook sentences?

论文hook是你的论文的开场白。它通常是引言的第一句话,但也可以是不止一句话。它是吸引注意力的工具,它为论文定下基调,并介绍主题。因此,一个优秀的论文hook它应该简单明了,且包含创造性和信息性。 每次写研究论文、文章或散文时,你如何才能做到这一点? 下面将提供一些如何让你的论文更吸引人的意见。

2.写Hook sentences有哪些手法?

2.1 引用一个有趣的案例

一条鲜为人知的信息通常能有效地激发读者的好奇心。这个有趣的案例对任何类型的论文来说都是一个很好的引子,这个案例可以是关于任何事情的,而且可以用一种适合本目的的方式来加以阐述。使用统计数字是一个很好的出发点,然而,你也可以就这个主题做一个事实性的陈述。一个精心陈述的案例可以引起读者的兴趣,使他们对论文中关于该主题的内容感到好奇,或者使他们对论文里要解决的问题进行提问。下面是几个例子:

“According to the WHO, around 20% of children all over the world are suffering from a mental disorder, yet only 3% are receiving psychological help.”

“Suicide is a preventable tragedy, yet it continues to be the leading cause of death in the US.” (from our sample Psychology paper)

“People all over the world have been using a cellular phone for the past 30 years and for the same amount of time, the scientific community and the wireless phones industry had been trying to prove if mobile phones cause cancer or not.” (from our sample research paper)

“The recreational use of marijuana was initially legalized in Colorado and Washington in 2012, after which many other states followed suit.” (from our sample essay on a controversial topic)

2.2 使用趣闻

虽然这最常用于反思性论文,但趣闻也可以作为信息性论文和论证性论文的hook。趣闻是对某一段经历的简短叙述,无论作者本人是否亲身经历,都能就一个话题发表看法。这则趣闻通常已经反映了作者的观点,从而也反映了论文的陈述。例如,一个希望反对惩罚儿童的作家可以用他们的个人经历来证明一个观点:

“As a child, my father was rarely at home, but during the times when he was at home, he often punished us. As a result, we were unable to form a strong bond with our father…”

“Only one person comes to mind when presented with the image of a woman with the bushy uni-brow, flowers on her braided hair, and colorful dresses. That woman is world renowned artist Frida Kahlo.”

“I still remember the years my family spent in the hospital taking turns to watch and take care of our bed-ridden grandmother. She can barely recognize us, and only the machines were keeping her alive. The question of mercy killing was brought up numerous times then.”

“Since I was twelve, I have not been able to walk the streets comfortably, not since a man told me something I did not fully understand but knew was sexual as we passed by each other. Years later, I realized that I was not alone in this experience.”

2.3 引用

论文的另一种hook是引用。可以是和你论题相关的任何一句名人名言。然而,在选择引语时要注意。由于这是一种相对容易的论文开头方式,许多人都使用这种技巧。因此,你的引文不仅应该与你的论题相关,更要发人深省。此外,一个好的引文将是你在整个论文中可以参考的东西,以使你的论述更有内涵。这样,你的读者(也就是你的教授)就能看到你在选择这句话时花了足够的心思。

例如,关于某位名人的传记文章,如玛雅-安吉洛,一个很好的hook就是能捕捉到她在历史上的贡献的一句话。例如这句:

“There is no greater agony than bearing an untold story inside you.”

如果你正在写一份读书报告或对一本书或一个故事的分析,用作品中的一句话作为hook是个好主意。例如,一篇关于《杀死一只知更鸟》的论文,一个好的hook应该是:

“You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view … Until you climb inside of his skin and walk around in it.”

“Let me start this essay with the quote ‘The unexamined life is not worth living, ’ which is not only the subject of this essay but is also Socrates’s most quoted statement.” (from the sample Philosophy term paper)

使用引文作为论文的hook的关键是解释该引文对你的主题和论文陈述的意义和重要性。如前所述,这句话应该在你的整个论文中都会被不断提及,也就是说,它应该在你的论文中具有重要意义。不要忘记在你的论文中对作为hook的引文加以引证。

2.4 使用明喻或暗喻

明喻或暗喻是两种最流行的文学手法。它们被用来对两种完全不同的事物进行比较,以做出更生动的描述。在论文中使用明喻或暗喻可以使你的hook更丰富,从而更有趣。它为你的介绍增加了层次,鼓励读者继续阅读。

“Children have always been regarded as the symbol of the future. This is an apt metaphor, considering how each child possesses great promise.” (from the sample Psychology paper on child abuse)

“Racism is a disease that has plagued society for centuries.”

“Education is the foundation that support’s a child’s development.”

“The world has been transformed into a global village, where one person can reach another person thousands of miles away as if they were in another block. This phenomenon would not have been possible without globalization.”

2.5 发表强有力的陈述

另一种论文hook的类型是,在你的论文开始时做一个强有力的或有主见的陈述。该陈述不一定要马上成为论文,而是应该暗示你对该论题的看法。强有力的陈述是一种有效的吸引注意力的技巧,因为它使读者不管是否同意你的看法,他都想看看你在陈述中要怎么说。你可能已经猜到的,这种类型的论文hook在论证性和说服性的论文中效果最好。下面是一些例子:

“Certain rights and privileges come with age. The right to vote, for instance, does not come until a person reaches the age of majority. The privilege to drive an automobile is likewise granted only after a person reaches a certain age, in most cases the age of 16 or 17 years. Even the purchase of cigarettes is allowed for people of a certain age, given the harmful effects of smoking.” (from the sample persuasive essay)

“They say that if you remember the 60’s then you weren’t at Woodstock. But the truth couldn’t be farther from this because many people still remember the weekend of August 15, 16, and 17 1969.” (from the sample essay on Woodstock 1969: Peace And Love)

“Over the past several years, securing women’s right to abortion have taken big steps in many countries.” (from the sample essay on abortion)

“The Land of the Free has always stood loud and proud about democracy and individual rights, with some even going as far as believing the country to be the epitome of freedom.” (from our research paper on NRA And Gun Control)

2.7 生动的描述

生动的描述总能吸引人们的注意力。它让读者对你的论文主题更有阅读欲。你几乎可以在任何主题上使用这种技巧——人物、地点、事件,甚至是一个问题。然而,在你能完成这篇论文的hook之前,你将需要磨练你的描述性写作技巧。

“Nuremberg, a city in Bavaria, Germany — the ‘City of Reich Party Rallies’ — is a lovely city, but in its streets live the horrifying shadows of the past because it was in Nuremberg that Adolf Hitler established the laws that stripped off many people of their known racial identity and social worth.” (from the sample history research paper)

“Majority of people nowadays lead a sedentary life—they commute to work in their cars, sit most of 8 hours hunched over the computer, and then sit on their couch until it’s time for bed.”

“For years, the sidelines of vibrant Pride Parades in various states, are lined with people bearing crosses, bibles, and hateful speech scribbled angrily on a placard. Almost always, these people are furiously shouting at the LGBTQ+ community and their allies who try to ignore their tirades.”

“I was welcomed by a strange scent as I stepped out of the plane and into the jet bridge connected to the main building. Everything seemed to move too fast, people hurried to and fro, dragging their heavy bags around. This is New York, I thought to myself.”

2.8 提出一个令人信服的问题

问题在论文中总是受欢迎的。正如论文陈述可以是一个问题,你也可以用一个问题开始你的论文。你的问题可以是一个反问句,旨在为你的介绍性陈述做铺垫。或者,你可以用一个问题来鼓励读者思考他们自己对你所写的论题的观点,以激起他们对答案的好奇心。尽管如此,你作为文章hook提出的问题应该在论文的某个地方得到解决。

“How many times in a day do you encounter advertisements? Advertisements nowadays exist in almost every corner of our lives—you find them in your phone, cereal box, street lights, and so on.”

“Are people who have pets remain happier than those without?”

“Do you get quality sleep every night? Studies show that 1 in 3 adults don’t get enough sleep, while 1 in 4 adults suffer from insomnia.”

“Which is the superior operating system—Microsoft or macOS? These are the two top operating systems used in the world, and are the subject of serious debates.”

最后:

总而言之,为你的论文选择一个可以串联起你的论文主题的hook,并以此来实现你的目的——无论是通知、争论、说服,还是对比。与写作的所有其他方面一样,如何为你的论文选择一个最好的hook sentences来自于实践。从观察你最喜欢的作者如何开始他们的论文开始。一如既往,练习、练习、再练习!

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