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Critical Paper/Essay批判性写作句式

发布时间:2021-11-02 14:02:59 阅读:145 作者:博远教育 字数:1109 字 预计阅读时间:3分钟
导读:要写好学术性的文章(Paper/Essay), 应该对你使用的资料持批判性的态度。你需要对你所读到的东西提出质疑,而不一定因为这些信息/观点已经由学者发表出来就同意它。

要写好学术性的文章(Paper/Essay), 应该对你使用的资料持批判性的态度。你需要对你所读到的东西提出质疑,而不一定因为这些信息/观点已经由学者发表出来就同意它。

批判性写作

批判性意味着要找出我们不赞同某个观点的原因,也要找出赞同它, 认为它是正确的或真实的原因。这可能需要你找出你支持或者否定的文章的作者的论点或方法,或者参考其他人对这些问题的批评。此外,好的文章需要包括提出建议,以及如何改进。

具体步骤包括:

• 找出之前研究的不足

• 找出某一个研究或者论文的不足或者缺陷

• 提出建设性的意见

• 引出问题或者局限性——理论或者观点方面的

• 引出问题或者局限性---方法或者实践方面的

• 用评判性的形容词对研究做出评论或者反馈

•  引入某位作者的批判性观点

• 对批判性观点做出总结

下面我们分别来看看这些常用句式有哪些。

1.找出之前研究的不足:

Highlighting inadequacies of previous studies

具体的英文写作句式包括:

• Previous studies of X have not dealt with…....

• Researchers have not treated X in much detail...

• Such expositions are unsatisfactory because they…...

• Most studies in the field of X have only focused on…...

• Such approaches, however, have failed to address…....

• Previous published studies are limited to local surveys.

2.找出某一个研究或者论文的不足或者缺陷

Identifying a weakness in a single study or paper

具体的英文写作句式包括:

• XX fails to fully define what…

• XX fails to acknowledge the significance of…

• The author overlooks the fact that X contributes to why.

• What XX fails to do is to draw a distinction between…

• The paper would appear to be over-ambitious in its claims.

• another weakness is that we are given no explanation of how …

3.提出建设性的意见

Offering constructive suggestions

具体的英文写作句式包括:

• The study would have been more interesting if it had included …

• These studies would have been more useful if they had focused on …

• The study would have been more relevant if the researchers had asked …

• The questionnaire would have been more useful if it had asked participants about …

• The research would have been more relevant if a wider range of X had been explored

4.引出问题或者局限性——理论或者观点方面的

Introducing problems and limitations: theory | argument

具体的英文写作句式包括:

理论

• The main weakness with this theory is that …

• The key problem with this explanation is that …

• However, this theory does not fully explain why …

观点

• One criticism of much of the literature on X is that …

• However, there is an inconsistency with this argument.

• A serious weakness with this argument, however, is that …

• One question that needs to be asked, however, is whether …

5.引出问题或者局限性---方法或者实践方面的

Introducing problems and limitations: method | practice

具体的英文写作句式包括:

• One major drawback of this approach is that …

• Selection bias is another potential concern because …

• Perhaps the most serious disadvantage of this method is that …

• The main limitation of biosynthetic incorporation, however, is …

• Non-government agencies are also very critical of the new policies.

• All the studies reviewed so far, however, suffer from the fact that …

6.用评判性的形容词对研究做出评论或者反馈

Using evaluative adjectives to comment on research

具体的英文写作句式包括:

• In(her/their/this)(useful/timely/seminal/detailed/thorough/excellent/influential)study/survey(of XX), 

• YY shows that......

7.引入某位作者的批判性的观点

introducing the critical stance of a particular writer

具体的英文写作句式包括:

• XX (2003) has also questioned why …

• However, XX (2003) points out that …

• The author challenges the widely held view that …

• XX (1999) takes issue with the contention that …

• The idea that … was first challenged by XX(1992).

• XX is critical of the tendency to .......

• However, XX (1967) questioned this hypothesis and …

• XX(1980) broke with tradition by raising the question of …

• XX (2003) has challenged some of Smith’s conclusions, arguing that …

8.对批判性观点进行总结

Introducing general criticism

具体的英文写作句式包括:

• Critics question the ability of XX theory to provide …

• Non-government agencies are also very critical of the new policies.

• XX’s meta-analysis has been subjected to considerable criticism.

• The most important of these criticisms is that XX failed to note that …

• Introducing the critical stance of particular writers

• XX (2003) has also questioned why …

• However, XX (2003) points out that …

• The author challenges the widely held view that …

• XX (1999) takes issue with the contention that …

• The idea that … was first challenged by XX (1992).

以上就是批判性论文写作的常用句式大全,希望对大家有用,如果需要各类essay代写服务的同学们欢迎咨询网站客服,我们博远教育将为大家提供高质量原创代写服务,价格有诚意、分数有保障、服务有质量。

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