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英文摘要格式介绍及英文摘要模板范文参考

发布时间:2021-09-16 15:39:33 阅读:166 作者:致远教育 字数:1264 字 预计阅读时间:3分钟
导读:英文摘要是对英文论文的高度精炼和综述,在250词左右要突出文章重点,并简要概览文章结构,是读者了解文章的“窗口”,也是学术论文呈现的“门面”,本文为大家介绍英文摘要格式以及英文摘要模板范文参考,希望能帮助大家学会这部分内容的写作方法。

英文摘要是对英文论文的高度精炼和综述,在250词左右要突出文章重点,并简要概览文章结构,是读者了解文章的“窗口”,也是学术论文呈现的“门面”,本文为大家介绍英文摘要格式以及英文摘要模板范文参考,希望能帮助大家学会这部分内容的写作方法。

英文摘要格式

1.英文摘要格式

1.1 什么是摘要?

英文摘要是论文的高度精炼和综述,方便读者快速了解论文的主要内容,涵盖主题、研究方法、结论等。论文摘要通常包含以下部分:

Introduction: 进行本项研究的背景和原因,当前研究有哪些缺失或者存在的不足;

  -Method:用什么方法做这个研究;

  -Data:用什么样的数据来验证你的方法;

  -Results:从研究中得出什么结论;

  -Implication:得出的结论对研究领域和实践有什么意义(理论与实践意义)

1.2 为什么要写摘要?

如果把论文比作一款产品,那么摘要就是产品的“营销”环节,它虽不会为产品添加新的成分,但确实文章引用率的关键。

Abstract研究摘要通常位于文章最前,这样无论是导师还是读者都能够在展开正文部分的阅读之前了解清楚你的研究内容。在学术数据库中搜索一篇论文,除了标题之外Abstract摘要是阅读此书最多的部分。作为读者,决定是否精读一篇论文,阅读Abstract之后即可分晓。

1.3 摘要什么时候写?

Abstract摘要长度较短(约250词),所以很多同学选择先写摘要,Too Naïve! 论文最终的呈现和最初想法通常有一定差异,所以建议完成论文初稿之后再开始写Abstract。一些会议要求Abstract投稿,建议先完成文章的结构搭建后再动笔写摘要。

1.4 如何写摘要?

写作结构(总长度控制在6-8句)

①背景及现状(1句话) 

②对象及主题(1-2句话) 

③研究问题(1句话)

④研究方法(1-2句话) 

⑤研究结论(1-2句话)

1.5 注意事项

避免使用强烈情感词汇,比如nice, generous, optimistic 等,总体保持客观、真实

第一次出现的专业词汇使用全称表达,避免使用缩写

常识请省略,无需介绍

不要在Abstract中引用他人文献

时态:一般现在时,一般过去时

英文摘要模板范文参考

2.英文摘要模板范文参考

下面为大家总结英文摘要写作的常用句型,剖析Abstract Sample的写作思路。

2.1 英文摘要写作相关句型

通常,Abstract的长度在250词左右,大约6-8句话,包括主旨Main Ideas、支持Supportive Contents、结论Conclusion三个方面的句。

主旨Main Ideas

  The paper presents...

  The paper aims to provide...

  The primary goal of this research is...

  The purpose of this study is...

  The intention of this paper is to survey...

支持Supportive Contents

  This paper investigates the ...

  The approach adopted extensively is called...

  This paper developed and implemented a method for...

  A qualitative research approach was adopted to obtain...

  For that purpose,the model of... was create.

  This paper describes a workflow that...

结论Conclusion

  Results have shown that...

  A set of experiments showed that the discovered...

  It is concluded that...

  The performance of our approach is evaluated using...

2.2 英文摘要范文参考

Norwegian environmental institutions face a crucial funding gap at the moment. (首句确定主题,介绍现状) 

It is well-established that representations of individuals are more effective than vague concepts like climate change, minority rights, and other issues when drafting funding campaigns. (第二句介绍背景) 

The research paper aims to determine how such representations can be better specified in order to increase capital distribution. Specifically, it investigates whether the perceived social distance between individuals and potential distributors who have an impact on donation intention. (三四句介绍研究主体) 

In this context, social distance is defined as the extent to which people perceive they are in the same social group (in-group) or another social group (out-group) in relation to climate change or other issues. (第五句属于Definition定义,当摘要中出现专业术语时,可以用一句话进行解释说明)

To test the hypothesis that smaller social distance leads to higher donation intention, an online questionnaire was distributed to potential donors across Norway. (Hypothesis研究设想) 

Respondents were randomly divided into two situations (large and small social distance) and asked to respond to one of two sets of fundraising material. Responses were analysed using a two-sample V-test. (研究方法陈述) 

The results showed a small effect in the opposite direction than hypothesised: large social distance was linked with higher donation intention than small social distance. (简要总结研究结果)

These results suggest that potential donors are more likely to respond to campaigns depicting victims that they perceive as socially distant from themselves. On this basis, the concept of social distance should be taken into account when structuring future environmental funding plans. (最后一个部分,展示结论。因为该研究属于比较实用型的研究,所以最后一句提出了对于未来的建议。)

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2021-09-22 08:59匿名用户
英文摘要模板写挺好

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