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《杀死一只知更鸟》读后感写作技巧及范文参考

发布时间:2021-08-31 13:34:20 阅读:98 作者:致远教育 字数:5488 字 预计阅读时间:13分钟
导读:《杀死一只知更鸟》是必读的经典书籍之一,而在国外大学常以《杀死一只知更鸟》读后感作为课后作业出现,由于文化差异,我们的中国留学生对美国历史知识的缺乏,很难写出一篇优秀的读后感,本文为大家分享《杀死一只知更鸟》读后感写作技巧及范文参考。

《杀死一只知更鸟》是必读的经典书籍之一,而在国外大学常以《杀死一只知更鸟》读后感作为课后作业出现,由于文化差异,我们的中国留学生对美国历史知识的缺乏,很难写出一篇优秀的读后感,本文为大家分享《杀死一只知更鸟》读后感写作技巧及范文参考。

《杀死一只知更鸟》插图

文章目录

1.杀死一只知更鸟的历史背景

2.杀死一只知更鸟的剧情简介

3.人物分析: 每个角色的发展

4.杀死一只知更鸟中提出的三大主题

5.杀死一只知更鸟读后感的题目

6.杀死一只知更鸟读后感的几篇优秀范文

文章正文

1.杀死一只知更鸟的历史背景

1960年7月11日,34岁的小说家奈尔·哈珀·李发表了她的第一部小说《杀死一只知更鸟》。

《杀死一只知更鸟》的故事背景是阿拉巴马州的一个小镇,很像李的家乡门罗维尔,书中有许多不可磨灭的人物,包括书中的假小子叙述者让·路易斯·芬奇(被称为 "斯科特")、神秘的隐士布·拉德利和斯科特的父亲阿提克斯·芬奇, 一位正直的律师,为一个被指控强奸白人妇女的黑人辩护。该书现在是初中和高中课堂的主要内容, 也是许多审查工作的主题,它生动地描述了大萧条时期南方吉姆·克罗时代的生活。

20世纪50年代中期,Lee 追随她的写作梦想来到了纽约,在那里她的童年好友杜鲁门-卡波特已经在文学界赢得了名声。很快,李就写出了一本名为《守望者》(Go Set a Watchman)的小说手稿,之后李又花了两年时间重写这本书,将修订后的手稿称为《杀死一只知更鸟》。这部小说一问世就很快受到了广大读者的喜爱,也获得了极大的成功。1961年赢得了普利策奖,并在1962年被拍成奥斯卡获奖电影,由格里高利·派克扮演阿提克斯·芬奇。这部小说还在1961年赢得了全国基督徒和犹太人会议的兄弟奖,并在1961年成为《最佳卖家》杂志的 "年度平装书"。

2.杀死一只知更鸟简介: 简短的剧情介绍

《杀死一只知更鸟》的故事发生在20世纪30年代中期的阿拉巴马州梅科姆小镇。故事由六岁的假小子斯科特·芬奇讲述,他与律师父亲阿提克斯和十岁的弟弟杰姆一起生活。在小说中,斯科特、杰姆和他们的朋友迪尔试图让他们隐居的邻居布·拉德利离开他的房子,布在十几岁的时候就没有在梅岗镇出现过。

梅科姆的许多居民都是种族主义者,在小说中,当镇上的黑人居民汤姆·罗宾逊被诬陷强奸了白人妇女玛耶拉·埃维尔时,阿提克斯不顾社区的威胁,同意为他辩护,尽管每个人都知道阿提克斯几乎没有获胜的希望,但他还是接下了这个案子。虽然从证据中可以看出汤姆无罪,但还是被判入狱,之后汤姆在试图从监狱逃跑的途中被枪击中而亡。

生活看似恢复了平静,但是在万圣节晚上,白人妇女玛耶拉·埃维尔的父亲鲍伯·埃维尔在黑夜中偷袭杰姆和斯科特,杰姆身受重伤,隐居邻居布·拉德利刺伤了尤厄尔救了他们。为了保护布的隐私,警长认定鲍勃·埃维尔是在与杰姆搏斗时倒在了自己的刀下。布·拉德利回到家里,再也没有人看到他。

《杀死一只知更鸟》插图

3.杀死一只知更鸟人物分析: 每个角色的发展

● 斯科特(Scout)

让·路易斯·芬奇是寡居的律师阿提克斯·芬奇的女儿。故事开始时,她已经快六岁了,那时以她的小名被称为 "斯科特"。斯科特是个彻头彻尾的假小子,她热心、好奇、善于观察。她的父亲在她很小的时候就教她读书,所以她有能力吸收任何她发现的信息。她的成熟和智慧远远超过了她的年龄,这一点在梅岗镇的成年公民看来并不总是那么好。即使在六岁的时候,斯科特也表现出她思想开放,心胸开阔。她把人看成是独立的个体,不会因为他们的肤色而对他们有偏见。在书的结尾,当她九岁的时候,她学会了处理这样一个事实,即这个世界并不像她长大后所相信的那样善良或可敬。

● 杰姆(Jem)

杰里米·阿提克斯·芬奇是斯科特的哥哥,在小说开始时只有10岁。他和斯科特一样具有丰富的想象力和好奇心,尤其是在涉及到隐居的布·拉德利时,但他也有能力进行思考和考虑。杰姆比其他同龄男孩更加内向,也许是因为他想念自己的母亲(母亲在本书事件发生前三到四年就去世了)。有时我们会看到年轻的杰姆与正在成长的杰姆发生冲突,这种二元对立,或人格分裂,使他的性格更加真实。

● 阿提克斯(Atticus)

阿提克斯·芬奇是阿拉巴马州梅科姆的一名律师,也是杰姆和斯科特的丧偶父亲。阿提克斯在个人和职业上都很受尊重。他是一个诚实的人,有一颗开放的心,一个敏捷而公正的头脑,以及温和的性格。同时,阿提克斯在做任何事情时都很坚强很专注。他的冷静和法律素养给了他坚实的后盾和信念的力量,特别是在汤姆的种族歧视的强奸案中。邻居莫迪小姐告诉杰姆和斯科特,梅岗镇的公民对他们的父亲给予了极大的赞扬,因为他们相信他能做正确的事情。在整部小说中,阿提克斯表现出他绝不辜负这种信任。

● 卡尔普尼娅(Calpurnia)

自杰姆出生以来,卡尔普尼娅一直是芬奇家的厨师。当阿提克斯的妻子去世后,她成了孩子们的母亲形象,也是一个严格的管教者。阿提克斯认为她是家庭中不可或缺的成员。她的存在使杰姆和斯科特对非裔美国人的社区有了深入的了解,并对梅岗镇的种族紧张关系有了更深的认识。卡尔普尼娅是一个强有力的人物,有点像女版的阿提克斯。虽然她可能没有接受过广泛的正规教育,但她从生活的经历中获得了许多智慧。她和阿提克斯一样,不急于评判,这在种族分裂的梅科姆镇是一种罕见的品质。卡尔普尼娅是黑人和白人社区之间的桥梁,她认识汤姆·罗宾逊,这使阿提克斯的案件更加个人化。

● 布·拉德利(Boo Radley)

阿瑟·雷德利,或称 "布",是一个隐居的邻居,他住在芬奇家附近一栋不祥的房子里,多年来一直没有人看到他。根据当地的传说,布的父亲在布十几岁时陷入法律纠纷后,把他囚禁在这所房子里。孩子们对小布的恐惧和偏见与镇上对汤姆·罗宾逊的偏见并行不悖,后者被指控强奸了一名白人妇女。但是,真正的小布与镇上的人所认为的完全不同。在小说的结尾,孩子们对这个曾经是他们好奇和恐惧对象的人有了更细微和同情的看法。

● 迪尔(Dill)

查尔斯·贝克·哈里斯,又称迪尔,是芬奇家隔壁邻居瑞秋·哈弗福德的六岁侄子。杰姆和斯科特在小说的开头遇到了他,当时他来这里过暑假。迪尔成了杰姆和斯科特的好朋友,阿提克斯和卡尔普尼娅也把他当作自己人。迪尔在母亲再婚后穿梭于各个亲戚之间,用生动的想象力保护自己。当他听到布·拉德利的故事时,他引诱杰姆和斯科特帮助他把隐居的布从他的房子里引出来。

● 鲍勃·依威尔(Bob Ewell)

鲍勃·依威尔是玛耶拉·伊威尔的父亲,也是汤姆·罗宾逊的指控者。他没有工作,是个种族主义者,经常把用来养活他众多孩子的救济支票花光。随着审判的展开,他对为汤姆·鲁滨逊辩护的阿提克斯·芬奇变得更加好斗和恶毒。他是一个种族主义者,因为这让他可以看不起别人,他不懂仁慈,也没有善意。他尤其有一种强烈的自卑感,在这个案例中,这种自卑感是由汤姆·鲁宾逊引起的,他在审判中一度说,他为玛耶拉-伊维尔感到难过,因为她没有人帮助她。出于无知,鲍勃·依威尔认为汤姆·罗宾逊对他女儿的同情是对他和他家人的侮辱。

● 汤姆·罗宾逊(Tom Robinson)

汤姆·罗宾逊是被指控强奸梅耶拉·尤厄尔的黑人。汤姆25岁左右,心地善良,已婚,有孩子,为人诚实,工作努力。汤姆不幸住在尤厄尔家附近。当梅耶拉·尤厄尔在小事情上请求他的帮助时,他答应了,因为他知道她的父亲从不帮助她。不幸的是,正是汤姆的体贴让鲍勃·尤厄尔看到了他,就像被杀死的知更鸟一样,他最终被毁灭了。

《杀死一只知更鸟》书面封皮

4.杀死一只知更鸟中提出的三大主题

哈珀·李在小说讨论许多主题, 其中最重要的是偏见。然而, 在整部"杀死一只知更鸟"中, 她也选了着重讨论家庭生活和勇气的主题。

(1) 偏见

小说中有好几个人物都表现出了偏见。许多住在梅科姆的人都是种族主义者,对黑人有偏见。例如,汤姆·罗宾逊被认为性侵了梅耶拉·埃维尔,仅仅因为他是黑人,而她是白人,即使证据表明他是无辜的,也难逃入狱之灾。

然而,种族歧视并不是小说中的唯一的偏见。梅岗镇的许多居民也是心胸狭窄,不容忍任何不符合他们期望的人。因为从十几岁起就没有出过门,布·拉德利也受到迫害和流言蜚语,他们认为布是一个阴暗的人物。正是邻居们的闲言碎语导致杰姆把布想象成一个怪物。

小说中作者主要通过以下几个方面体现“偏见”这个主题:

汤姆·罗宾逊的审判

亚历山德拉姑妈的传教士茶

布·雷德利被对待的方式

梅岗镇的人们对多尔弗斯·雷蒙德的孩子的反应

(2) 家庭生活

《杀死一只知更鸟》中有好几个家族,而且每个家族都非常不同。哈珀·李明确表示,芬奇一家是她最认同的一家,也是她认为邻居们都应该效仿的一家。小说中,阿提克斯作为父亲,是一个理想的榜样。他公正、宽容、公平。他对杰姆和斯科特都很平等,也很成熟,作为回报,孩子们都叫他杰姆而不是爸爸。这说明阿提克斯把他们的意见看得同等重要,他想让孩子们知道,他会像对待年轻人一样对待他们。鼓励他们以成熟的方式行事,以成年人的方式对待身边的人和事。

像芬奇家和他们的邻居,如莫迪小姐和瑞秋姨妈,都被视为中产阶级,但埃维尔家被视为白色垃圾。白人垃圾一词指的是白人,特别是生活在美国南部各州的白人,他们很穷,生活水平很低。这个词第一次听到是在1830年,最初是由被奴役的黑人用来形容贫穷的白人。有钱的白人后来开始用这个词来描述那些他们认为在社会上比他们低下的白人。

小说中作者主要通过以下几个方面体现“家庭生活”这个主题:

阿提克斯对待孩子的方式

家庭传承

其他黑人家庭对海伦·罗宾逊的帮助

(3) 勇气

小说中的几个人物都展现出了可嘉的勇气。首先, 阿提克斯是一个勇敢的人, 他同意为汤姆·罗宾逊辩护, 即使他知道这将给他自己和他的家庭带来困难, 知道他赢得这个案子的希望不大。

小说中还有其他关于勇气的例子。莫迪小姐在拒绝为她的房子被烧毁而难过时表现出勇气。相反,她保持乐观,提醒大家她现在可以拥有她一直渴望的大花园了。布·拉德利在阻止鲍勃·艾维尔伤害杰姆和斯科特时叶表现出了勇气。

作者主要通过以下几个方面体现“勇气”这个主题:

阿提克斯为汤姆·罗宾逊辩护

阿提克斯对枪支的态度

杜伯斯夫人在临终时决心不使用吗啡

《杀死一只知更鸟》书本

5.杀死一只知更鸟读后感的题目

我们的专业代写专家给学生准备了几个可以参考的"To kill a mocking bird"读后感的题目。

● Analyze the relationship between Boo Radley and the children. How does this relationship change throughout the book? What are the causes of the developments in this relationship?

● Although criticized openly, Atticus is respected throughout the town of Maycomb. Why is this true?

● Discuss the concept of education. Does Lee argue for a dominance of education in the home or institutionalized education? What evidence does she provide?

● Discuss the concept of family and Lee's presentation of the American family. What does it consist of?

● Trace Boo Radley's development from monster to savior. How does Scout's understanding of Boo develop? What lessons does Boo teach Scout?

● Scout and Jem mature considerably through the course of the novel. What developmental changes do they go through, and what causes these changes?

● Discuss the concept of fear as presented in the novel. Compare the children's early fear of Boo Radley to their fear or lack thereof when Bob Ewell attacks them. Is Scout correct in stating that real fear can only be found in books?

● Discuss law as it is represented in To Kill A Mockingbird. What power and limitations exist within the legal system according to Atticus, Jem, and Scout?

● Discuss Atticus's approach to parenting. What is his relationship with his children? Can his parenting style be criticized? If so, how?

6.杀死一只知更鸟读后感范文

致远教育小编在这里推荐两篇优秀的《杀死一只知更鸟》读后感范文,大家可以参考一下:

范文一:To Kill a Mockingbird Analytical Essay

In the grips of the Great Depression, the people of May comb county were not only poor, but also faced disrespect, conformity, and most importantly,prejudice.Prejudice is a preconceived notion about a person based on the group to which that person belongs.It is the act of“prejudging”a person without knowing who they truly are.When prevalent in society, prejudice is dangerous.It excludes people from society, stands in the way of justice,and prevents friendships.The judgment prevents a community from living peacefully together.And, it is just as absurd as it is dangerous.InTo KillA Mockingbird, Harper Lee demonstrate show prejudice is a fault to society of May comb County.

An example of prejudice is when Boo Radley is excluded from society just because he is not like everyone else.He is different because he never comes out of his house.For this reason, his neighbors have not had a chance to know him well.Instead of trying to understand him, they create rumors about what he does and his family history.

On page 13, Jem describes Boo Radley by saying, “Boo was about six-and a-half feet tall, judging from his tracks; he dined on raw squirrels and any cat she could catch, that's why his hands were bloodstained-if you ate an animal raw, you could never wash the blood off.There was along jagged scar that ran across his face; what teeth he had were yellow and rotten; his eyes popped, and he drooled most of the time.”In this passage, Jem is prejudging what Boo looks like.He claims that his hands are bloodstained from hunting his food and eating it raw, making him seem like a wild animal as opposed to a human being.This mythical idea of Boo Radley is a judgment that Jem did not have the evidence to support.Due to this act of prejudice, the kids do not go near his house and the townspeople are led to believe that they should fear him.They treat him differently than everyone else and exclude him based on their prejudiced ideas.

Another major example of prejudice is in the court case of Tom Robinson.Tom is being accused in raping May ella Ewell.Mr.Ewell, a whiteman, is defending his daughter against Tom,a blackman.Although Tom is clearly innocent, he loses the trial.Jem, whois sitting in on the trial, complains about the outcome and believes it'sun fair.In response, Atticus says, “In our court, when it'sa whiteman'sword against a blackman's, the whiteman's always wins.They're ugly, but those are the facts

of life”(220) .Atticus makes this bold statement because all the evidence is in Tom's favor, but he loses anyway.Tom loses the case because his word was less important than a whiteman's.Tom is inferior to the Ewell family because of his skin color.Racism.not truth has determined the outcome of the trial.Atticus understands this fault of society.Although it was unfair, he realizes that prejudice, not justice, determined the case.

Next example of prejudice in the novel is when Aunt Alexandra judges Scout's friend to be“lower in society”due to his family history and their lack of wealth.In chapter 23, Aunt Alexandra uses prejudice when she describes Walter Cunningham by saying, "Because-he-is-trash, that's why you can't play with him.Ill not have you around him, picking up his habits and learning Lord-knows-what”(225) .Aunt Alexandra judges Walter to be“trash”because he comes from a poor family.She claims that he is a lesser person because of his economic status.This is an unfair judgment because although he comes from a family that struggles economically, it does not mean that Walter is a bad person with bad habits.She did not consider his character, simply his material wealth.Aunt Alexandra's prejudice prevented Scout from being a friend to Walter.

Harper Lee shows many instances in which prejudice takes place in May comb County.Prejudice is shown towards Boo Radley, Tom Robinson, and Walter Cunningham, in which people's perspectives about others are determined before getting to know them.Prejudice is a common theme throughout the whole novel, and this affect show society was viewed in this time of history.

范文二:What role does Boo Radley play in Scout and Jem's lives and in their development?

In To Killa Mockingbird,children live in an inventive world where mysteries abound but little exists to actually cause them harm.Scout and Jem spend much of their time inventing stories about their reclusive neighbor Boo Radley, gleefully scaring themselves before rushing to the secure, calming presence of their father, Atticus.As the novel progresses, however, the imaginary threat that Boo Radley poses pales in comparison to the real dangers Jemand Scout encounter in the adult world.The siblings recognition of the difference between the two pushes them out of childhood and toward maturity—and as they make that transition, Boo Radley, their childhood bogeyman, helps serve as link between their past and their present.

The games and stories Jemand Scout create around Boo Radley depict him as a source of violence and danger.However, though these inventions seem designed to prove the children's brave ness and maturity, they paradoxically prove that Jem, Scout, and their friend Dill fundamentally remain children.Their stories are gruesome, and the thrill of their games-such as touching the side of Boo's house—comes from the danger they imagine they would face if Boo were to catch them.However, the children are able to indulge in wild imaginings and take what they perceive as risky chances only because they feel completely safe in the care of Atticus, who protects them from a dark, dangerous world.The threatening, menacing Boo thus remains firmly entrenched in their childhood worldview, where adults are infallible and all-powerful.

When adult protection breaks down in the novel, Jemand Scout get their first taste of true danger, which is different from the imagined dangers they'd attributed to Boo Radley.The fire at Miss Maudie's, Mrs.Dubose's grisly death.and the violence and unrest that trails in the wake of the Tom Robinson case introduce real misfortune and anxiety into their lives.For the first time,adults are frightened and sad along with the children, and therefore can not be counted on to provide security or refuge.Boo, once such a threatening presence, now seems like a remnant of a more innocent time.The contrast between then and now seems all the more stark because Boo Radley remains in their lives, a constant reminder of how things had been before.

Faced with real dangers, Jemand Scout must tap into new levels of maturity to deal with tragedy, new social challenges, and increased familial expectations.As their relationship with Atticus and the adult

community changes, their relationship with Boo changes as well.Once a creepy, mostly abstract figure, Boo begins playing a more active role in their lives, first by protecting Scout with a blanket during Miss Maudie's fire and then by protecting Jemand Scout from an attack by Bob Ewell.Boo had been an integral part of Jemand Scout's childhood, and, in the midst of their burgeoning adulthood, he serves as a link between their past and present.Once an imagined enemy and a source of perceived danger,Boo transforms into a true friend and ally, helping them at crucial moments in their transition from childhood to maturity.

The children's early perspective of“danger”centered on Boo Radley, and only by understanding the contrast between these imagined dangers and the real ones of the adult world can they pass from childhood into adulthood.But the children's shifting interactions with Boo points to another element of maturity as well:the capacity for empathy.Once simply an eccentric figure in the children's games, Boo ultimately becomes a true human being to them-one who has endured more than his fair share of tragedy and deserves his fair share of honor, respect, and affection.

 

"To Kill a Mocking Bird" 的确是一本非常受欢迎的小说,被翻译成四十多种语言,畅销于世界各地。这部小说以一个小女孩视角构思,她用强烈的爱心,带着我们切身感受那个时代种族歧视所带来的罪恶,我们可以通过小女孩的成长过程感知,这世间还有不可毁灭的爱与真知。当你静下心来细细品味这部小说,方能写出一篇发自内心的真实感悟。

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