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论文Proposal怎么写?

发布时间:2021-07-09 15:32:39 阅读:552 作者:致远教育 字数:1767 字 预计阅读时间:5分钟
导读:论文Proposal也就是论文开题报告,是很多大论文写作之前必要的步骤之一,比如Dissertation,往往在写Dissertation之前会被要求写一篇Proposal。那么论文proposal怎么写呢?本文致远教育小编为大家分享论文proposal写作方法。

论文Proposal也就是论文开题报告,是很多大论文写作之前必要的步骤之一,比如Dissertation,往往在写Dissertation之前会被要求写一篇Proposal。那么论文proposal怎么写呢?本文致远教育小编为大家分享论文proposal写作方法。

论文Proposal怎么写?

Defining Your Topic

1.Choose your topic. You might begin with a vague idea of what you want to research. You will need to define a topic that has interest in your field, can fill a gap in knowledge, and has a manageable scope. 

1.选择论文主题。一开始你可能有个想要研究什么的模糊想法。然后选定一个主题,这一主题得是你所在领域都感兴趣的,可以填补知识的空白,并且有一个可控范围的。

2.Discuss your initial ideas with your thesis supervisor. They can help you understand the complexities of your topic and suggest how you can best approach it. Having guided input will help you to write a better proposal.

2.与你的论文导师讨论你最初的想法。他们可以帮助你理解论文主题的复杂性,并建议你如何最好地完成它。有导师的引导你会写出更好的开题报告。

3.Create a working title. A working title is a short statement about your thesis. It can very briefly state what your research topic is and how you will conduct your research. This can help you narrow your topic and be better prepared to discuss it with your professor.Your working title should be longer and more descriptive than your final title.

3.创建一个暂定标题。暂定标题是对你主题的简短陈述。可以非常简短地说明你的研究主题是什么,以及你将如何进行你的研究。这可以帮助你缩小你的主题,并为与你和你的教授的讨论做好准备。你的暂定标题应该比你的最终标题更长,更有描述性。

4.Review the current literature. A literature review will provide you with information about what has already been published on your topic and help you identify gaps in earlier research. This can help you figure out where more research is needed. It can also show you how your thesis will fit into work already conducted in your field.

4.回顾当前的文献。文献综述能提供已经发表的主题论文的信息,并帮助你识别前人研究中的缺口。这可以帮助你找出哪里需要更多的研究。也可以告诉你,如何将你的论文与你目前领域已经进行的研究结合起来。

Outlining Your Proposal

Outlining Your Proposal

1.Choose what the main sections of your proposal will address. Knowing how a proposal is structured and what it should contain will help you outline yours. Find out if there are obligatory sections required for a proposal in your field. Your supervisor or committee might also ask you to include specific sections in your proposal. Generally, a thesis proposal has an introduction, an abstract, a literature review, a discussion about methodology and theory, a timeline, and a bibliography.

1.选定开题报告中的主要部分。了解开题报告的结构和内容将有助于你完成自己的报告。看看你所在领域的开题报告是否有必填项。你的导师或委员会可能还会要求你在报告中包含特定的部分。一般来说,一份论文开题报告包括引言、摘要、文献综述、方法及理论讨论、时间线和参考文献。

2.Create subtopics for each main section. Break down each main section into more specific subtopics. Include as many details as you can. This level of detail will make it easier to plug in information while you are writing the proposal.

2.创建每一主要部分的子主题。把每个主要部分分成更具体的小主题。尽可能多地包含细节。这种有层次的细节会让你在写报告时更容易插入信息。

3.Add other information you will need in your final proposal.Your final proposal will require a bibliography, so put endnotes in your outline. You will also need to submit a timeline, by including notes on the outline about how and when you will accomplish each section.

3.在最终报告中添加你需要的其他信息。最终报告中需要参考文献,所以要在大纲中加上尾注。你还需要提交一份时间表,在大纲上记下你将如何以及何时完成每个部分。

Pulling It Together

Pulling It Together

1.Provide an introduction. Start with an introduction to your work. Discuss the significance of the problem you will address in your thesis and what it will contribute to the field. In your introduction, also state your research objectives and the questions you plan to address.

1.撰写引言部分。先介绍自己的研究。讨论论文中要解决的问题的重要性,以及对该领域的贡献。在引言中,也要说明你的研究目标和你计划解决的问题。

2.Present your literature review. Write out the information you learned during your initial review. First, summarize the important information you found in your sources. Next, present an analysis of that information and how it impacts the work you intend to do in your thesis. Discuss any works you will use in your research.

2.撰写文献综述。写下你在最初回顾文献时得到的信息。首先,总结你在资料来源中找到的重要信息。接下来,分析这些信息,写出他们对你论文工作的影响。讨论在你的研究中使用的任何作品。

3.Describe your theoretical approach and methodology. Discuss your theoretical approach and the methodologies you will use to conduct your research. This can be one or two sections of the proposal. Talk about any initial data you have collected and your early ideas about the implications of your findings.

3.描述理论方法。讨论你的理论方法和你将用于进行你的研究的方法论。这可以占报告的一到两个部分。写出你收集到的任何初步数据,以及对自己研究结果所产生的影响的早期想法。

4.Include your timeline. Your proposal should clearly spell out the timeline you outlined. Indicate how much time you will need for each stage of the proposal. A good timeline can help demonstrate the feasibility of your research to your committee.

4.附上时间表。你的报告应该清楚地说明你完成论文的时间线。说明你需要多长时间完成报告的每个阶段。一个好的时间表可以帮助你向你的委员会证明你的研究的可行性。关于论文timeline安排,大家可以参考:www.baydue.com/news/writingskills/512.html

5.Write an abstract. The abstract for your proposal will be a coherent summary of the entire proposal. A good abstract can be read as a stand-alone document. Structure the abstract based on your research questions, and address information about each question in that section of the abstract.

5.撰写摘要。报告的摘要应该是一个连贯的总结。好的摘要可以作为独立的文档来阅读。根据你的研究问题组织摘要,并在摘要部分提供关于每个问题的信息。

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2021-07-21 09:40匿名用户
论文proposal不好写,我都被打回来一次了

管理员回复:亲,如果有需要的话可以联系我们网站客服为您提供proposal代写服务哦。

2021-08-11 17:29

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