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如何写好Essay Paragraph?

发布时间:2021-02-18 14:33:35 阅读:336 作者:致远教育 字数:1697 字 预计阅读时间:5分钟
导读:留学生在写Essay时经常找不到那个写作的灵感,每次推到最后一晚无可奈何才开始动笔。尽快掌握组织EssayParagraph的技巧吧!段落是Essay中的基本组成单位,好的段落可以清晰地表达出作者的观点和思路,让读者对论文的层次一目了然。

留学生在写论文时经常找不到那个写作的灵感,每次推到最后一晚无可奈何才开始动笔。尽快掌握组织essay paragraph的技巧吧!段落是essay中的基本组成单位,好的段落可以清晰地表达出作者的观点和思路,让读者对论文的层次一目了然。

留学生写不好Essay Paragraph的原因

大部分同学们最可能已经知道如何组句,但如何从这些句子形成段落,而然后从这些段落形成论文,这些问题让很多留学生迷惑。每个段落是独立完整的中心思想,是正文大意重要部分。因此,段落写得很差就无法表达出整篇的主要内容,也无法符合写作基本要求。中国学生不善于写英文essay paragraph的主要原因是

缺乏明确的段落写作意识,不了解两门语言表达方式的不同,忽视提高英语水平的练习等原因让许多同学们在essay写作中难以获得进步,也难以获得高成绩。

知己知彼才能百战不殆,首先我们来了解一下英语essay中段落的基本构成。英文论文中的段落基本由三部分构成,包括主题句、扩展句和结论句,他们之间相辅相成,共同组合成了一个完整的段落:

1. 主题句是段落的核心,是对整个段落想要表达的想法和观点的具体概括,通常每个段落只有一个主题句。

2. 扩展句是对段落主题句的延伸,用具体的事例来对主题句进行详细的说明,这一点在议论文中尤其明显。

3. 结论句是对整个段落的总结,也是呼应和再次凸显主题句的关键。清楚地了解段落的基本构成,在具体的写作中对每个部分进行相应的侧重是组织好段落的第一步。

那么如何写好Essay Paragraph?下面致远教育小编为大家分享几个技巧。

01、主题句的写作要点

段落不可分割的一部分是主题句(topic sentence),主题句能够指导文章主要思想的发展或者给每一个段落提供一个小概括。掌握论文段落的组织方法与主题句的构建技巧是写作论文的基础。首先,注意主题句应该是一个观点,而不是事实。

比如:

事实:Plagiarizing is to steal and pass off the ideas or words of another as one's own.

观点:People can avoid plagiarizing by taking certain precautions.

其次,主题句应该是一个观点,而不能仅仅包含一个话题

比如:

只包含话题:Today I'm going to discuss the benefits of gardening.

包含观点:Gardening gives us pleasure and is very effective to our minds.

最后,你的观点不能是泛泛的,而应该是确切的。

模糊:The United States suffered a lot during the Civil War.

确切:Sherman's destruction in the South during the Civil War also caused incredible suffering.

02、如何引述证据

在列举证据时,首先我们应当保证所有的论据都是与主题相关的。证据可能包括以下类型:

  • *事实(Facts)
  • *公开发表的观点(Published opinions)
  • *书刊网站等媒体上的调查研究(Research from books, journal articles, websites, etc.)
  • *公开的案例(Published case studies)
  • *研究数据(Research data)

留学生

引用证据有三种方法:

引用(Quoting):逐字逐句地复制原信息

复述(Paraphrasing):按自己的语言重新组织

概括(Summarising):更简洁的语言概括原信息

但无论采用哪种方法,我们都需要注意:

一、让证据自然地穿插在文中;二、注明来源。

比如使用这样的表达:

Further insight into income inequality is provided by Dr. Delaney, an economist at Stanford, who is of the opinion that…

03、过渡的重要性

无论是句与句之间,还是段落与段落之间,都需要过渡。过渡能让文章连贯统一,没有过渡的文章就仅仅是一些句子随机地组合在一起。下面我们通过一个例子来感受下。

我们先看一个没有过渡的段落:

Students who write academic essays need to provide effective transitions. Transitions allow writers to connect the main ideas that are present in an essay. Using conjunctive adverbs and other introductory elements allow a writer to connect one sentence to the next. The use of these words will make the writing more fluent and less choppy. Many students fail to use effective transitions, and the essay comes across as disconnected. Writers should always be aware of the need to connect both sentences and paragraphs together.

加上过渡之后的版本:

Students who write academic essays need to provide effective transitions. It is the use of these transitions that allow writers to connect the main ideas that are present in an essay. For example, by using conjunctive adverbs and other introductory elements, a writer can easily connect one sentence to the next. Moreover, the use of these words will make the writing more fluent and less choppy. Unfortunately, students often fail to use effective transitions, and, as a result, the essay comes across as disconnected. To avoid this, writers should always be aware of the need to connect both sentences and paragraphs together, and they should strive to find creative ways to do so.

可以看出,加上了这些过渡词之后,整段文章变得连贯了许多。我们可以在写作完成之后,再通读一遍,在不够连贯的地方加上过渡。

最后,我们通过一个例子

看下body paragraph的具体写法

# 第1句:主题句——阐述与本文主题相关的论点:

Students who learn how to write well will earn better grades in most classes.

# 第2句:主张句——对主题句进行进一步阐述:

This is true because most instructors assign a variety of written assignments, and depending on the class, these written assignments often encompass a large percentage of a student’s final grade.

# 第3句:举例一

For instance, all college students seeking a degree will be required to take a composition class. In this class alone, students will write five different essays.

# 第4句:举例二

Furthermore, other classes, such as history, psychology, nursing, etc., also require students to write multiple essays.

# 第5句:给出更具体的信息(此处可以引述权威人士):

According to John Doe, a Professor of English at Aims Community College, the average undergraduate student will write twenty-five different essays while seeking a bachelor’s degree. This number increases dramatically for students who go on to seek a graduate degree(s).

# 第6句:总结

Because all students, regardless of major, will be required to compose a large number of essays, it is important that they learn how to write well.

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