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留学推荐信怎么写? 留学推荐信范文模板

发布时间:2020-08-25 15:59:09 阅读:161 作者:致远教育 字数:3640 字 预计阅读时间:12分钟
导读:留学申请中,推荐信是至关重要的一环。当今国内诸多教授老师,希望学生能够帮助“草拟”推荐信,以供他们参考。一般来说,很多国家的高校和机构,都会让学生放弃查看推荐信的权利,一旦签署“放弃权利”,学生将不允许以任何形式获取/查看推荐信内容。但鉴于国内情况复杂,在这里,致远教育给大...

留学申请中,推荐信是至关重要的一环。当今国内诸多教授老师,希望学生能够帮助“草拟”推荐信,以供他们参考。一般来说,很多国家的高校和机构,都会让学生放弃查看推荐信的权利,一旦签署“放弃权利”,学生将不允许以任何形式获取/查看推荐信内容。但鉴于国内情况复杂,在这里,致远教育给大家分享一些留学推荐信干货,供大家参考。

推荐信

一、明确推荐信的定义和目的

写好推荐信的前提,是了解招生委员会为什么需要推荐人给你写推荐信。推荐信是由教育者为了支持申请者的申请,提供能够证明申请者各种优点、技能以及资质的文书。说白了,招生委员不但要看你的简历和个人陈述,还需要看看你在别人口中到底是怎么样子。给你打个比方,招生委要看别人照片里的你,而不是你挑选展示的精修P图之后的自己。

二、选择推荐人的原则

总的来说,推荐人必须要了解你,特别是了解你各方面的优点、长处、技能和资格,这是有话可写的基础。

在选择“谁当推荐人”的时候可以遵从以下原则:

1).最了解你的人。如果说有一名老师教过一个你大班的高数课,还有一名导师教过你小专业的必修课,在两位老师名声和职称都相当的情况下,该选哪个?——选了解你的那个!如果你与高数老师更熟悉,他/她对你的印象更深刻,且能说出更多关于你的事情,那就选高数老师;反之则选专业课老师。这与大班小班、大课小课,关系都不大,关键就是这名推荐人必须足够了解你,这样他/她说的话才能真实生动而具体,更能体现你个人的品质。

2).找时间距离较近的导师。比如申请时的时间是2019年10月左右,你最好找在2018年甚至至今还和你有接触的导师。时间较近,推荐人对你的印象比较清晰,因此涉及一些细节是合情合理的。这样,推荐信就有更多发挥空间,且细节更令人信服。

3).大牛和青椒之间怎么选?看和申请项目的connections(关系)!以下分类讨论

a.如果这个项目更可能会给大牛面子,大牛优先。如果申请项目和青椒有更多联系(比如青椒是该校甚至该项目的毕业生,或者青椒是招生委某老师的同窗),青椒优先。如果两个人都和这个项目有connection,那肯定都找啊!

b.如果两个人和你申请的项目都没啥联系,且两者对你的了解程度差不多,个人认为,大牛的推荐信还是更有分量,毕竟名声已经在那儿摆着了。

以上三点有关选择“谁”。选的推荐人需要足够了解你(有话可说,让人信服),并且最好能让招生委员给你(ta) 面子。

“推荐人组合combo"的搭配推荐(三位推荐人):

1).学术老师(professor)+ 研究导师(research mentor/supervisor)*2 。或者学术老师(professor)*2+研究导师(research mentor/supervisor) 。理工科,纯文科理论研究申请的标准套餐。

2.学术老师(professor)*2 + (可选)行政老师;这是各学科在没有什么科研或项目实习经历,或者科研/项目负责人/实习指导老师不愿意给你写推荐信时的选择。

3).学术老师(professor) + 班导(advisor) + 实习项目指导老师或监督者(intern/project supervisor), 这个对于申请商科、社科来说会是比较好的组合。

4).学术老师(professor) + 系主任/院长(director/dean) + 实习项目指导老师或监督者(intern/project supervisor)。适用于a. 申请项目看中你的影响力+ b.系主任/院长是领域大牛+c. 你在系里混得很出名的情况下。

一般Ph.D.申请需要三封推荐信,硕士要求两封。只能交两封时,大家可以根据以上combo酌情筛选出两名推荐人;如果可能,最好把三封推荐信都提交上去。

推荐信写作

三、拟定各推荐人需要体现你的哪些能力/素质/技能。

总体来说,不同的推荐人,最好能证实你不同的方面,或者列举你同一个方面的不同侧重点。不同推荐人,要体现你不同的方面比较好理解,至于列举同一方面的不同侧重点,我举个栗子——比如你的professor和intern supervisor都可以体现你的思维敏捷——professor可以从你在课堂发言中,迅速而活跃表现来说明这点;而intern supervisor则可以从你在完成项目的过程中,遇到问题的冷静迅速的临场应变来说明。同样是思维敏捷,在不同的情景和角色下,完全可以有不同角度和体现。请各位打开脑洞,绞尽脑汁。如果推荐人表示愿意亲自为你写推荐信,请你也要和他/她沟通,你需要他/她在推荐信中,为你的哪些方面背书。

以下优秀能力/素质/技能,请大家对号入座。如有雷同,也很正常。

1. 学术老师(professor)

学术能力客观优势:成绩好→至少前10%,课堂参与度高(important contribution),积极完成课业,对课外相关知识充满好奇。

性格特点:diligent, rigorous, self-motivated, sharing and inspiring, 以及你个人一些突出的性格优点。

经历/能力/技能/素质:critical thinking, unique insight, tutoring(对于申需要你做TA的博士项目来说,这点很重要), team leader, highly intelligent(我没算作性格特点,毕竟高智也算一种重要能力了)...

2. 研究导师(research mentor/supervisor)

学术能力客观优势:passion for research; 研究贡献(important contribution).

性格特点:diligent, aggressive, persistent, rigorous, patient, self-motivated, 以及你个人突出的一些有助于研究的性格优点。

经历/能力/技能/素质:laboratory work, research training, fast-learner, insight into the research trend, team player, logical thinking, critical thinking...

3. 行政老师(对社科申请者,可看做职业素质能力技能的直接证明)

客观优势:积极参加学生活动,在院系师生中有较大影响力。

性格特点:sharing, helpful, resourceful, competent, patient, active, bright, positive, passionate, sympathetic, ...

经历/能力/技能/素质:volunteer, leadership, having a big-picture, community worker, ability to coordinate, collaboration

4. 实习指导老师或监督者可以结合以上1、2、3.

5. 系主任要说明你对院系的特殊贡献—— 研究方面,社会工作方面,影响力方面等等。

其他:

honest, kind-hearted, friendly, mature, independent, far-sighted, communication skills, event planning/organizing...

每位推荐人突出2-3点即可,不需要面面俱到。每点都要有具体的事例或者数据说明问题,不能假大空。以上分类仅供参考,并不是严格划分,写推荐信的时候可以酌情选取、调整。

推荐信写作

四、推荐信写作

推荐信包括以下几个部分

Greetings, 比如:

        Dear Admissions Officer First Name Last Name(已知审查人姓名)

        Dear Selection/Admission Committee(未知审查人姓名)

        To Whom It May Concern (未知审查人姓名)

Introduction

        介绍推荐人的职称,给谁(申请人姓名)写这封推荐信。然后,你和申请人认识多久了,怎么认识的。然后简要说下自己接下来要写什么。

The body of the letter

         推荐信主体一般两部分:

        第一部分包括两到四个自然段,分别说明申请者在学术和职业发展中所体现的各种优点、兴趣、资质、技能等等。可以讨论的内容和方面见上Step3。内容要非常明确且充分展开,不能模棱两可或假大空!

        第二部分用一个自然段说一下,申请者具备的人格特质,性格特点和在团队中的作用。同样要用实际事例支持。

Closing

        总结强调推荐信的要点,并且要坚定地宣称这位申请者绝对厉害,错过ta等于错过几百个亿!

        最后,记得附上推荐人的个人及联系信息。比如:

Sincerely/Best regards,

Name,

Position,

Affiliated university/college/institution,

Email,

Phone number.

五、推荐信范文模板

推荐信的格式有些模式可循,以下将针对各段提供模式作参考:

No.1抬头可用的格式

Dear Sir/Madam;

To Whom It May Concern:

No.2第一段:引文句子可以引用

“It is a pleasure to recommend to you (name), a former student of mine at (name ofuniversity).”

“I an very happy to have this opportunity to recommend (name), who is presentlyapplying for admission to your graduate (or undergraduate) program in (name ofprogram).”

“I understand that (name) is applying for admissions to your graduate (undergraduate)school, and has requested that I write this letter of recommendation for her/him.”

“In my capacity as professor at xxxx University, I have known xxx for three years, as bothhis/her advisor and professor.”

No.3第二段:这段可以提供最实质的内容。

“(name) took two of my courses during the 1984-85 academic year, as follows; “xxxxx”and “xxxxx”.”

“(Name) was enrolled in three of classes from September 1984 to June 1986 “xxx” and“xxx”.”

接下来,教授写一些有关申请人在课堂上的表现,如完成的研究计划、实验室研究、研究报告、考试的成绩、课堂态度、讨论课的参与等,举出实例。

“In my class (es), (name) did excellent work. She always listened attentively, participated activitely in class, and handed in very good written assignment.

“In particular, his/her research paper on (topic) was of exceptionally high quality, and showed that s/he fully understands and has a strong background in his/her field.”

如果推荐人是工作主管,首先一定要仔细陈述申请人的工作职责,并对申请者工作表现作一评估。如果可能的话尽量列举实例。

“When (name) held the position of (job title) in this company she was one s/he was oneof my best employees. His/her job responsibilities included (describe them), and s/hecarried out his/her duties with exceptional skill and professionalism.”

“S/he not only did his/her own work, but also helped other employees, and made many valuable contributions to the efficient running to our firm.”

第二段最后一段:可以提及申请人在班上(或公司里)的比较表现(譬如排名):

“I was rate (name)'s academic ability as in the top 10% of his/her class.”

“Compared against other students that I have taught, I would say that (name) ranks inthe upper 10%.

接下来,推荐者可对申请人能否成功完成学业提出看法。举例:

“Based on his/her previous performance, I am certain that (name) would be a very successful student at your university.”

“I believe that (name) possesses all the qualities necessary to make an excellent graduate student in his/her chosen field, and am sure that s/he will make a fine addition to your campus.”

No.4第三段:细节

如果还有其它话想说,请另写一段.例如:英文能力、沟通技巧、领导才能、特殊学术或工作背景。譬如说,如果申请人欲申请的科系是企管系,推荐者可着力描写他们有关申请人商业的专门技术、领导才能,以及申请者所参加的商业活动,例如,有关商业方面的组织社团。又如,申请人申请护理研究所,推荐者可着力描写他们关怀的态度、处理实验室的技能,或是对病人的奉献。

No.5最后:以几句结尾作总结

“Therefore, I am happy to highly and without reservation recommend (name) for admission to your graduate program. Your kind/serious consideration of his/her application would be most appreciated.”

“I am thus pleased to give my full support and recommendation to (name)'s applicationfor admission to your school. If any further information is required, please feel free to contact me.”

签名:

Sincerely, 

Sincerely yours, 

Very truly yours, 

With best regards,

下面结合上面的部分内容,给出一篇推荐信范文供大家参考(被推荐的同学是数学系的):

Dear Sir/ Madam,

I am writing this letter of recommendation for Mr.Cai, my former student. I have known Mr. Cai for more than 6 years since his freshman year at "University of Minnesota". At that time, he took the course-- "Mathematical Analysis," which I taught mainly for junior students majoring in Mathematics. To my surprise, I found he was among the few students in his class who could keep up with the pace of my lectures. Moreover, he often posed thought-provoking questions during the course. Thus it was natural that I liked discussing with this young man and became familiar with him. The more I knew him, the more I found he was talented at mathematics. As you can see, he got excellent scoreson the course. In fact, he ranked No. 1 on this 270 hours course in the talented student class, which has 34 intelligent others.

With his outstanding talent and solid mathematical background, he also did quite well in most other courses during his undergraduate study. By the way, you may wonder why his undergraduate scores look not so good compared to other Chinese applicants. It is easy to explain, because he belonged to the talented student class, which were required to endure harder test papers and stricter grading than most other college students did at least at "University of Minnesota".

He even served as Prof. Linda s Research Assistant for one year. No one could deny his commitment to his job. As a matter of fact, Prof. Linda‘s electronic lab happened to be neighboring my office and I could always see him working in the lab, either repairing the instruments or helping Prof. Linda collect lab reports. Maybe one more example will demonstrate his commitment more clearly.  Once he suggested compiling a FORTRAN program to solve a complicated circuit problem in his class. In order to do that, he had to do a lot of computer work. However, because there were few computers available in our computer lab, he had to wake up at 5 a.m. in winter (please note: "Twin city" is a downtown near the north border of America, so it is pretty cold in winter and the heating system is not working very well.) to ensure the 1st position of the long waiting line for his classmates and himself! At last he and his classmates finished the program successfully with his great efforts.

As to his personality, I would like to say Mr. Cai is a warm-hearted, honest and upright student. He was always ready to help others. During my lectures, many students got confused at some points and I could always see Mr. Cai help them explain duringbreaks. In the meanwhile, I must admit that Mr. Cai was a bit impatient sometimes.

Finally, I would like to conclude my recommendation as follows: frankly, Mr. Cai is not a genius, but I promise his great intelligence, commitment to work and his kind nature will impress you deeply. Thus I recommend him without reservation for his admission andfinancial aid to your program. Please feel free to contact me if needed.

Sincerely Yours, 

Xu Kun

以上就是关于推荐信写作的全部内容,希望能帮助大家写好推荐信。前面的文章我们也为大家总结了关于推荐信的写作方法,大家可以参考:

如何写好留学推荐信文书?

留学推荐信写作技巧_留学推荐信范文分享

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