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Research Proposal模板范文

发布时间:2020-04-02 11:38:31 阅读:1520

案例简介

  • 作者:致远教育
  • 导读:本文上一篇Research Proposal模板范文,主要讨论了自我表露水平对关系满意度的影响。范文模板、格式、内容仅供留学生参考学习,不得抄袭,如有Research Proposal代写需要请联系网站客服。
  • 字数:1217 字
  • 预计阅读时间:4分钟

案例详情

本文上一篇Research Proposal模板范文,主要讨论了自我表露水平对关系满意度的影响。范文模板、格式、内容仅供留学生参考学习,不得抄袭,如有Research Proposal代写需要请联系网站客服。

Research Proposal模板范文

Topic:

This research proposal suggests research on how the level of self-disclosure effects the degree of relationship satisfaction.

Review of Literature:文献综述

Guerrero & Afifi (1995) conducted a study to examine topic avoidance and self-disclosure in family relationships. They found that males reported avoiding discussion of relationship issues more than females did. As Martin&Anderson(1995)sought to examine the motives behind self-disclosure in father-young adult relationships and the resulting level of relationship satisfaction, their study found that young adults seem to model their self-disclosure after their fathers' self-disclosure. Pegalis, Shaffer, Bazzini, & Greenier (1994) examined the generality of the opener effect to males and females across different situational contexts. They found that both genders disclosed more and longer to high openers than to low openers across the different contexts, Leaper, Carson, Baker, Holliday, & Myers (1995) used both same- and opposite-sex dyads in order to examine the relationship between listener verbal support and self-disclosure among friends. They found that females tended to be more responsive and supportive than males during discussions in both same- and cross-gender friendships. However, it was also found that men made more disclosing comments than did women, indicating that it is possible for males to disclose as much as females. They also found that imbalances in self-disclosure and verbal support are related to relationship dissatisfaction.

Guerrero&Afifi(1995)进行了一项研究,以考察家庭关系中的话题回避和自我表露。他们发现男性比女性更倾向于回避讨论恋爱问题。正如Martin&Anderson(1995)试图研究父子关系中自我表露背后的动机和由此产生的关系满意度水平一样,他们的研究发现,年轻人似乎在父子关系自我表露之后模仿了他们的自我表露。Pegalis,Shaffer,Bazzini和Greenier(1994)研究了不同情境下对男性和女性开放效应的普遍性。他们发现,在不同的语境中,两种性别对高开放者比低开放者披露的时间越来越长,Leaper、Carson、Baker、Holliday和Myers(1995)同时使用了同性和异性二元性来研究听者的言语支持和朋友之间的自我表露之间的关系。他们发现,在同性别和跨性别友谊的讨论中,女性往往比男性更有反应力和支持力。然而,研究还发现,男性比女性发表更多的公开言论,表明男性有可能像女性一样公开。他们还发现,自我表露和言语支持的不平衡与关系不满有关。

Drawing on these findings, it could be possible to anticipate that individuals who have similar patterns of self-disclosure would have higher degrees of relationship satisfaction. Continued research may further explore what other factors affect the degree of relationship satisfaction.

根据这些发现,我们可以预期,具有相似自我表露模式的个体会有更高的关系满意度。继续研究可能会进一步探讨其他因素对关系满意度的影响。

Research Question:研究问题

What effect does the level of self-disclosure have on the degree of relationship satisfaction?

自我表露水平对关系满意度有何影响?

Hypothesis:

Individuals who experience similar levels of self-disclosure will be more likely to have higher degrees of relationship satisfaction.

Method:

In congruence with the previous study conducted by Martin & Anderson (I 995), a design involving approximately 200 undergraduate students, I 00 male and I 00 female will be used. They will complete questionnaires consisting of measures of self-disclosure and communication satisfaction. They will also be given a questionnaire to have their significant others complete. This questionnaire will include the same measures. Participants will be informed that this research study focuses on self-disclosure and levels of relationship satisfaction, participation is voluntary, and their responses will be kept confidential. A self-addressed envelope will be enclosed to assist in confidentiality.

Participants will complete the Self-Disclosure Scale (SDS) and the Communication Satisfaction Scale (CSS). Their responses will be compared with those of their partner's in order to assess the similarities between the pair's levels of self-disclosure to each other and their degree of relationship satisfaction.Research Proposal writing service www.hotessay.cn

Participants will also be given a second questionnaire, which will ask them to assess what they believe to be their partners' level of self-disclosure and degree of relationship satisfaction. These responses will also be compared to examine whether individuals' self-reports of their levels of disclosure and satisfaction match up with what their partners believe their levels to be.

Predictions:

In response to the study done by Martin & Anderson (I 995), it should become clear that the amount of self-disclosure that occurs between individuals affects the relational satisfaction that is felt by both parties. Leaper et al. (1995) found that imbalances in self-disclosure and verbal support are related to relationship dissatisfaction. This would seem to indicate that the opposite would be true, as well. So, it may be found that individuals who experience similar levels of self-disclosure will have higher degrees of relationship satisfaction.

A possible problem using the methods chosen is that self-report may not be entirely accurate. People may not truthfully portray their levels of self-disclosure and relational satisfaction. However, through the use of confidentiality and the second questionnaire that asks the partners to assess each other's levels, it is hoped that the potential for this problem may be decreased.

References

Guerrero, L., & Afifi, W. (Summer 1995). Some things are better left unsaid: Topic avoidance in family relationships. Communication Quarterly, 43, 276-296.

Leaper, C., Carson, M., Baker, C., Holliday, H., & Myers, S. (1995). Self-disclosure and listener verbal support in same-gender and cross-gender friends' conversations. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 33. 3 8 7-405.

Martin, M., & Anderson, M- (Spring 1995). The father-young adult relationship: Interpersonal motives, self-disclosure, and satisfaction. Communication Quarterly, 43, 119-130.

Pegalis, L., Shaffer, D., Bazzini, D., & Greenier, K. (1994). On the ability to elicit self disclosure: Are there gender-based and contextual limitations on the opener effect? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 20, 412-420.