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Assignment代写范文-北极摄影与气候变化

发布时间:2021-03-06 13:24:15 阅读:567

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  • 作者:致远教育
  • 导读:在确定北极摄影与气候变化之间的关系时,本文采用历史的视角,进行了广泛的研究。在发现北极摄影与气候变化相关的大趋势的基础上,我们将更好地了解摄影对环境和政策的积极和消极影响。
  • 字数:3471 字
  • 预计阅读时间:10分钟

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本文是一篇优秀Assignment代写范文,题目为:THE CORRELATION BETWEEN ARCTIC PHOTOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE CHANGE。在确定北极摄影与气候变化之间的关系时,本文采用历史的视角,进行了广泛的研究。在发现北极摄影与气候变化相关的大趋势的基础上,我们将更好地了解摄影对环境和政策的积极和消极影响。

北极环境

THE CORRELATION BETWEEN ARCTIC PHOTOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE CHANGE

Abstract摘要

In establishing the relationship between Arctic photography and climate change, this article adopts a historical perspective and conducts extensive research. On the basis of discovering the general trends of Arctic photography related to climate change, we will better understand the positive and negative effects of photography on the environment and policies.

在确定北极摄影与气候变化之间的关系时,本文采用历史的视角,进行了广泛的研究。在发现北极摄影与气候变化相关的大趋势的基础上,我们将更好地了解摄影对环境和政策的积极和消极影响。

Introduction引言

The history of Arctic photography can be traced back to the 18th century. However, the correlation between Arctic photography has not been established until recent decades. With the urgency of climate change and global warming, photography will play a more important role as a bridge between the public and the Arctic. This article uses a historical approach to understand the development of Arctic photographers and how Arctic photographers gradually shifted their focus in the course of history. As a direct statement of information, Arctic photography is considered the most important link between the public and climate change issues. In the following sections, this link will be demonstrated from a different perspective. With the development of mass media and science, Arctic photography has become closely related to climate change. The public’s awareness of climate change has been greatly improved through newspapers and education. However, the emergence of new media poses a potential threat to the protection of the Arctic. Therefore, understanding the historical development of Arctic photography will help people formulate smarter strategies and guide them in a more positive direction, thereby accelerating the implementation of actual mitigation measures against climate change.

北极摄影的历史可以追溯到18世纪。然而,直到最近几十年,北极摄影之间的关联才得以确定。随着气候变化和全球变暖的紧迫性,摄影作为公众与北极之间的桥梁将发挥更重要的作用。本文运用历史的方法来理解北极摄影家的发展,以及北极摄影家是如何在历史的进程中逐渐转移他们的注意力的。作为一种直接的信息表述,北极摄影被认为是公众与气候变化问题之间最重要的联系。在下面的部分中,将从不同的角度演示此链接。随着大众传媒和科学的发展,北极摄影已经与气候变化密切相关。通过报纸和教育,公众对气候变化的认识大大提高。然而,新媒体的出现对北极保护构成了潜在威胁。因此,了解北极摄影的历史发展,将有助于人们制定更聪明的战略,引导人们朝着更积极的方向前进,从而加快落实应对气候变化的实际缓解措施。

Background

The photographer was one of the first to reach the Arctic region and record the earliest signs of climate change. Starting in the middle of the 18th century, photographers have explored the Arctic region. Advances in technology allow photographers to work at extremely low temperatures without worrying about too many cameras. In the North American Arctic literature, photographers mainly focus on landscapes and local culture. The process of making these photos had no effect at all, and only a few exposures were made during the entire day spent outdoors. This makes all remaining Arctic photos of the past few centuries more valuable to researchers. After decades of initial struggle, new cameras are being developed. As a result, the number of photographers working in the Arctic has increased dramatically. In addition to the incredible culture of the Inuit, the early photos also gave people a glimpse of climate change over the past few centuries. These changes also had an impact on Inuit culture, which made whalers, hunters and merchants highly dependent on nature. In addition to culture, in recent years, wildlife photography in the Arctic has also continued to develop. Polar bears are one of the most outstanding themes. The habitat of polar bears has been severely damaged due to global warming and melting sea ice. The changes in Inuit culture and the loss of polar bear habitat have all contributed to people’s awareness of climate change and global warming in the middle of the literature. In the recent efforts of photographer Diane Tuft, dozens of photos of the melting process of the Arctic Sea directly show people the urgency of climate change from multiple angles. In the Arctic Sea, the disappearing ice sheets of Norway and Greenland were recorded and included in the photographer's new book. Through these photos, Taft has been hoping for 10 years to help the public understand the threat posed by global warming, which makes the Arctic region the fastest melting region in the world. Although it may take decades to arouse widespread public response and finally come up with effective policies and solutions, more and more people are hearing Tuft’s story and beginning to understand the truth through her photos.

Materials & Method

The link between Arctic photography and climate change was first established through the study of the historical development of Arctic photography, because it has only become popular in recent decades due to technical and cost difficulties. Although the link between Arctic photography and climate change has not been extensively studied, some key resources are still targeted, such as the analysis of visual information on climate change in American newspapers. The methodology of the research process can be divided into two stages. The first part focuses on the historical development of Arctic photography and its increasingly close connection with climate change. In addition to the contours in time, different methods of Arctic photography were also discussed to highlight the subject of photography. From the perspective of the original landscape and cultural themes of Arctic photography, a diversified trend has been observed. Focusing on wildlife, Inuit culture and economy, landscapes, aerial photography for scientific purposes, and commercialized photos have become the main ways people understand the Arctic and climate change. Therefore, the results and discussion sections will be arranged according to the development timetable and diversified trends to create the most comprehensive Arctic photographic picture.

Results & Discussions

Historic Developments of Arctic Photography

The earliest photography attempts in the Arctic can be traced back to the mid-18th century. George Rexworthy De Wilde (George Rexworthy De Wilde) was one of the pioneers of Arctic photography. He sailed to the edge of the Arctic sea ice barrier and took pictures where no one was involved (Credland 672). Although no information about the type of camera used by De Wilde and information such as exposure and lens were recorded, the publication of these photos in his book soon attracted the attention of other explorers and scientists. De Wilde's photographs have also become the basis for the Arctic illustrations in many books (Credland 678). De Wilde's photos also inspired later photographers to start their own exploration of the Arctic. Although the outbreak of wars in the 19th and 20th centuries hindered the development of Arctic photography, it quickly regained its vitality in the middle of the 20th century. After the end of the Second World War in the 1940s, the society and economy of the Arctic region changed drastically (Condon 80). With the increase in the population of the north, the Arctic region has received more and more attention. Photography has naturally become the most effective tool for recording social changes. With the development of technology in the last century, photography is no longer a technology that requires a lot of training. Researchers and anthropologists can use it as a medium to record the conflict between traditional culture and modern culture. More and more professional and amateur photographers are heading to the Arctic to pursue visually stunning and socially revealing images. Researchers are also increasingly using photography as a supplement to their findings and data. Early Arctic photography has been widely used in various forms of media, such as academic papers, books and textbooks, and museum exhibitions. These photos have therefore been widely welcomed by the media, making them an effective tool for the public to better understand the culture and society of the Arctic. However, the potential of photography in sociology was not discovered until the 1980s (Condon 84). Communities and Inuit organizations in the northern United States have also begun to realize the value of photography in documenting their traditional culture and history. Although the original purpose of Arctic photography was mainly focused on anthropology and aesthetics, photos featuring Arctic scenery are still a valuable resource for studying climate change today. With the help of modern technology, historical photos can provide more information about the past in the Arctic, so that climate change can be better understood on a larger time scale.

Contribution of the Mass Media, Education and Research

It is only in the last few decades that climate change has become a topic of concern. The mass media has made a great contribution to familiarizing the public with this issue. Through photography in newspapers and other mass media, the psychological distance between the public and climate change has been effectively shortened (paragraph 356). It has been discovered that the American public describes climate change as a general and urgent and specific issue, rather than vague and abstract. Despite the efforts of the newspapers, there is still a contradiction between the truth of climate change and the public's understanding of climate change. Photography is an effective medium to convey information, and scientific claims and data cannot directly represent photography. Specificity is within the essence of the image, with basic information such as time, location, and space. Compared with other forms of information in the public, visual information can have a more lasting impact, which will indirectly promote the process of mitigation measures. The increase in public awareness of climate change also stems from the inclusion of materials in the education system. Although different education systems around the world deal with this problem in different ways, their common feature is everyone. In undergraduate education on climate change, people have widely used photography as a teaching material (Chang 29). Most of the Arctic photography has been applied to the entry level of environmental research and climatology courses to increase students' interest in this issue. Not only does it use historical photos to show the severity of climate change on a time scale, but it also introduces more advanced technologies to conduct more quantitative research on climate change. The source of public awareness of climate change is scientific research. With the development of new technologies, science has made photography more and more important in the quantitative study of climate change, even for photographs with a long history. In order to determine the changes in the amount of ice in the glacier environment, a surface matching technique based on least squares has been developed. Historical and current photography has been used to determine the decrease in ice volume in the Arctic. Even if the change in ice volume is as small as 0.6%, the new technology can ensure the accuracy of the measurement (Miller 1978). Although photography is used for recording purposes due to lack of accuracy, the matching process based on ASTER has greatly expanded the application range of photography in the field of climatology. With the development of similar technologies, the extensive archives of Arctic aerial photography will have more important scientific significance in the future.

 

Arctic Photography and Conspicuous Modern Consumerism

With the increasing imbalance in the distribution of social wealth in modern society, consumerism has become a symbol of social class and status. The wealthy social class seeks more diversity and creativity in leisure activities, while people from other social classes try to imitate them in order to "upgrade" their social status. Therefore, it has become a fashion that escapes daily work and is dedicated to unproductive but romantic leisure and consumption (Varul 114). Driven by this trend, the Arctic has become a new place of interest for the wealthy, which indirectly arouses people's interest in photography in the Arctic. The Arctic has been brought closer to the public and consumers through modern photography technology. The impact of modern consumerism and photography will definitely have an impact on climate change, but it is still uncertain whether the impact is positive or negative. Photographers such as Chris Burkard discovered new interesting destinations in the Arctic (ISO 500 pixels). By taking photos of people surfing in the Arctic, Burcard successfully brought the Arctic into the scope of commercialization. More and more people will be affected by such photos and begin to learn more about the North Pole, and even go to the North Pole by themselves. The psychological distance between the Arctic and the public is further reduced, which can be a way to indirectly increase the understanding of climate change. However, due to commercialization, pollution may also increase.

Climate Change Publications from Different Perspectives

The urgency of climate change has prompted many photographers to set sail to the North Pole and take photos of the lost ice. In Diane Tuft's book, photographs of melting icebergs and retracted ice barriers in the ocean have become the most direct way for readers to understand the urgency of the situation. Taft traveled to different locations in the Arctic region, combining personal thoughts and thoughts with photos, thereby further enhancing the impact of photos (Tuft 16). Many photos taken by Tuft have also become part of the collection of famous museums, thereby expanding the audience for viewing the images. Shelley Wright solved this problem from a cultural perspective by establishing a correlation between climate change and Inuit culture. Our ice is dying: The history of Inuit, new immigrants and climate change, is a book about the impact of climate change on Inuit society. The photos contained in the book became the most powerful language for calling for action to slow climate change. Although many people believe that climate change is a continuous process, the fact is that climate change has affected a large number of people, especially those who depend on the sea for life (Wright 2). This call for compassion is more common in wild animals and plants, because they cannot migrate like humans. Ian Stirling's book is one of the early publications on climate change and how polar bear species are affected by it (Stirling 19). In recent years, photos of polar bears struggling to survive on the Arctic ice have attracted continuous attention around the world. Effectively conveying information makes wildlife-themed photography one of the most popular subjects in Arctic photography.

Conclusion结论

Visualization is one of the most important ways to effectively convey information to the public, and photography provides the public with the opportunity to see the North Pole without going to the North Pole (Schneider 33). It can be seen from the development of Arctic photography that the connection with climate change has not been established from the beginning. Instead, the importance of Arctic photography for understanding climate change has only recently been established. Mass media (newspapers) and education are the main contributors to the influence of Arctic photography because they serve as platforms for more viewers to view the photos. In terms of the subject of Arctic photography, there is also a diversified trend. Although primitive landscape and cultural themes are still influential in Arctic photography, new trends featuring wildlife in the Arctic are emerging, which become more effective in taking actions to combat climate change. With the trend of commercialization, photography has also brought the Arctic region closer to the public. Photography has flourished in traditional mass media, but its growth in new media and the Internet is unprecedented. As a solution to the problem of public visualization, Arctic photography has made climate change issues more relevant to the public, which may lead them to take direct action to reduce carbon emissions at the personal level (Sheppard 25). With the help of more advanced visual analysis techniques and the guidance of new media forms, Arctic photography will play a more important role in raising public awareness of climate change (Schneider 192). This is a key step in the process of moving from vision to action and broader public support.

可视化是有效地向公众传达信息的最重要方式之一,摄影为公众提供了不用去北极就能看到北极的机会(施耐德33)。从北极摄影的发展可以看出,与气候变化的联系从一开始就没有建立起来。相反,北极摄影对于理解气候变化的重要性直到最近才得到证实。大众媒体(报纸)和教育是北极摄影影响的主要贡献者,因为它们是更多观众观看照片的平台。就北极摄影题材而言,也呈现多元化趋势。尽管原始景观和文化主题在北极摄影中仍然很有影响力,但以北极野生动物为主题的新趋势正在出现,这在采取行动应对气候变化方面变得更加有效。随着商业化的趋势,摄影也拉近了北极地区与公众的距离。摄影在传统大众媒体中蓬勃发展,但在新媒体和互联网中的发展却是前所未有的。作为公众形象化问题的解决方案,北极摄影使气候变化问题与公众更为相关,这可能导致公众在个人层面采取直接行动减少碳排放(谢泼德25)。借助更先进的视觉分析技术和新媒体形式的引导,北极摄影将在提高公众对气候变化的认识方面发挥更重要的作用(施耐德192)。这是从愿景走向行动和更广泛公众支持的过程中的关键一步。

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