英文写作中But的替换方案有哪些?

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英文写作中But的替换方案有哪些?

在英文写作中,But的出现频率可以说是很频繁了。那么,我们有没有什么可以替代他的方案呢?接下来就随BayDue小编一起来看一看:英文写作中But的替换方案有哪些?

其他连接词

But是一个表示转折对比关系的连接词在下面这个例句中就用but连接起了两种不同的观点:

I like Brian May’s guitar solos,but I find his hair ridiculous.

替换but的办法之一是使用类似的连接词(语义上可能会有一丢丢区别),包括:

Yet(如:I like Brian May’s guitar solos,yet I find his hair ridiculous.)

Although(如:I like Brian May’s guitar solos,Although I find his hair ridiculous.)

Though(如:I like Brian May’s guitar solos,Though I find his hair ridiculous.)

Even though(如:I like Brian May’s guitar solos,Even though I find his hair ridiculous.)

这些词通常可以在一个句子中直接替换but而无需改变句子的其他部分。然而,though等词在这里是从属连词,所以它们也可以用在句子开头,但but却不能这样用:

Though I like Brian May’s guitar solos,his hair is ridiculous.-Correct

But I like Brian May’s guitar solos,his hair is ridiculous.-Incorrect

其他用于对比关系的其他从属连词还有despite和whereas。但要注意的是,如果使用despite来代替but的话,需要稍微改写一下句子:

Despite liking Brian May’s guitar solos,I find his hair ridiculous.

I like Brian May’s guitar solos,where as I find his hair ridiculous.

However和其他副词

在学术写作中,but的常用替代词是however。但however是一个副词,所以如果它用在句子开头的话,只能另起一句或者用分号把之前的句子隔开:

I like Brian May’s guitar solos.However,I find his hair ridiculous.

I like Brian May’s guitar solos;however,I find his hair ridiculous.

此外,however可以在句子中间使用,但它所出现的句子仍然需要与它形成对比的句子分开:

I like Brian May’s guitar solos.I do,however,find his hair ridiculous.

其他体现对比关系的副词和副词性短语都能以类似的方式使用,比如:

Conversely(I like Brian May’s guitar solos.Conversely,I find his hair ridiculous.)

Nevertheless(I like Brian May’s guitar solos;nevertheless,I find his hair ridiculous.)

In contrast(I like Brian May’s guitar solos.In contrast,I find his hair ridiculous.)

另一个用得比较多的用来表示对比的短语是on the other hand,但它往往要和on the one hand配对使用:

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