正文部分的主要作用是阐述文章的中心思想（main idea），或者主题（thesis），一般是文章中最长的一部分，也是最重要的一部分。正文通常分为好几段，每段称为一个body paragraph。
《大学写作技巧：主题阐述及其他》（Techniques for College Writing: The Thesis Statement and Beyond）一书中建议，每个body paragraph由一个TAXES式的结构组成，这种结构能让你始终围绕主题（thesis）来写作。
Further insight into income inequality is provided by Dr. Delaney, an economist at Stanford, who is of the opinion that…
Students who write academic essays need to provide effective transitions. Transitions allow writers to connect the main ideas that are present in an essay. Using conjunctive adverbs and other introductory elements allow a writer to connect one sentence to the next. The use of these words will make the writing more fluent and less choppy. Many students fail to use effective transitions, and the essay comes across as disconnected. Writers should always be aware of the need to connect both sentences and paragraphs together.
Students who write academic essays need to provide effective transitions. It is the use of these transitions that allow writers to connect the main ideas that are present in an essay. For example, by using conjunctive adverbs and other introductory elements, a writer can easily connect one sentence to the next. Moreover, the use of these words will make the writing more fluent and less choppy. Unfortunately, students often fail to use effective transitions, and, as a result, the essay comes across as disconnected. To avoid this, writers should always be aware of the need to connect both sentences and paragraphs together, and they should strive to find creative ways to do so.
① 递增（To Add）
additionally, in addition, again, besides, moreover, what’s more, equally important (also important), finally, further, furthermore, first (second, third, etc.) next, lastly
② 重复（To Repeat）
as mentioned, as has been noted
③ 转折（To Show Exception）
however, but, nevertheless, in spite of, yet, still, despite, of course, once in a while, sometimes, unfortunately
④ 比较（To Compare）
however, on the other hand, on the contrary, in contrast, whereas, yet, nevertheless, by comparison, compared to, conversely, up against, balanced against, although, meanwhile, after all, while this may be true
⑤ 强调（To Emphasize）
indeed, certainly, in any case, without a doubt, obviously, definitely, extremely, in fact, absolutely, positively, naturally, surprisingly, emphatically, unquestionably, undeniably, without reservation, always, never
⑥ 证明（To Prove）
in fact, indeed, because, for, since, for the same reason, for this reason, obviously, evidently, besides, in addition, in any case
⑦ 举例（To Give an Example）
for example, for instance, to demonstrate, to illustrate, as an illustration, in another case, take the case of, on this occasion, in this situation
⑧ 排序（To Show Sequence）
as a result, subsequently, consequently, concurrently, following this, now, at this point, afterward, simultaneously, first (second, third, etc.)
⑨ 总结（To Summarize or Conclude）
In conclusion, as demonstrated, to conclude, summing up, in brief, as a result, therefore, accordingly, consequently, hence, on the whole
Students who learn how to write well will earn better grades in most classes.
This is true because most instructors assign a variety of written assignments, and depending on the class, these written assignments often encompass a large percentage of a student’s final grade.
For instance, all college students seeking a degree will be required to take a composition class. In this class alone, students will write five different essays.
Furthermore, other classes, such as history, psychology, nursing, etc., also require students to write multiple essays.
According to John Doe, a Professor of English at Aims Community College, the average undergraduate student will write twenty-five different essays while seeking a bachelor’s degree. This number increases dramatically for students who go on to seek a graduate degree(s).
Because all students, regardless of major, will be required to compose a large number of essays, it is important that they learn how to write well.
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