Report写作能用强势动词就别用动词词组

QQ图片20180612172909 80x80 - Report写作能用强势动词就别用动词词组
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Self Plagiarism 80x80 - Report写作能用强势动词就别用动词词组
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一般情况下,在口语或相对随意的语境下,动词词组的使用更为普遍,而在学术report写作中,英美作者更倾向于使用强势动词。强势动词是指具有强烈的目的性或较强的感情色彩,用以描述具体的动作或行为的动词。

例如,在学术论文中,更倾向于使用establish,而非set up;倾向于使用produce,而非churn out,;使用tolerate,而非put up with;使用assemble,而非put together。应用实例如下:

动词词组 强势动词
The veteran researcher has churned out many articles in recent  years. The veteran researcher has produced many articles in recent  years.
The team that was hurriedly put together has not been productive  because the members do not share common objectives. The team that was hurriedly assembled has not been productive  because the members do not share common objectives.
In his attempt to establish absolute  control, the dictator sought to wipe  out all who were opposed to his rule. In his attempt to establish absolute  control, the dictator sought to eliminate  all who were opposed to his rule.
The auditors’ report suggests that the  treasurer had tried to cover up  the financial irregularities. The auditors’ report suggests that the  treasurer had tried to hide the financial  irregularities.
We must be prepared for discomfort in various  sectors if we want to bring about change  in the system. We must be prepared for discomfort in various  sectors if we want to effect change  in the system.

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