你根本不知道做好笔记对paper写作有多重要

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Take notes meticulously 方法五:仔细作笔记

There are many reasons to take notes carefully in researching a paper, beginning with the admonition of your professors to do so. They have been around for an academic season or two and have read the drab texts of poorly recorded research. The drabness is from inadequate quotation, incomplete attribution, and quite evident guesswork. When a writer does not create clear notes from clearly identified sources, the paper produced will lack the sheen of scholarship.

写paper作研究时,有很多理由应该仔细作笔记,首先教授就会告诫你要这么做。教授在学校待了几年,早就看过有些研究记录拙劣,读起来乏味。这些paper之所以单调乏味,是因为引用不足,未完整注明出处,通篇缺乏真凭实据。作者如果没有清楚作笔记,说明资料来源,paper就会缺乏学术价值。

Note-taking is not a science, nor an art. It is a process that each academic writer can master by being methodical. What method a writer chooses is up to him. But it should be consistent and clear. Example: If a source is being quoted, always use quotation marks. If it is a paraphrase with a quoted element, always ensure the quote is in quotation marks. The key takeaway in that recommendation is not “quotation marks;” it is “always.” Be consistent. Be methodical.

作笔记无关科学或艺术的理论与技巧,而是一种程序,只要有条有理,每个学术写作者都能做得很好。作者可以自己选择作笔记的规则,但必须前后一致,清楚明了。举例来说,如果原文是引言,一定要加引号;如果原文结合换句话说及引言,引言的部分一定要加引号。这些规则的重点不是「加引号」,而是「一定要」;记得,规则要前后一致,有条有理。

Carefully separate source material from personal notes about the material. Otherwise, a writer can unknowingly end up quoting himself. When interviewing someone, record the date and name of the interviewee. When drawing from books, articles, and audio and video recordings, precisely note the point of extraction. In all note-taking, be neat. And whatever else you do, don’t rely on memory. The time between research and writing can wipe memory clean, or mangle it.

作笔记时,要小心分开引用的原文与个人的笔记内容,否则可能不知不觉引用了自己的话。作访谈时,要记录访谈时间与受访者的姓名。引用图书、文章、影音纪录时,要精确记录摘录的页面或时间。写任何笔记字迹要工整。此外,不管你做什么,绝不要仰赖记忆,研究和写作会相隔一段时间,让你把事情忘得一干二净,尽管记得也是残缺不全。

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