Writing an Academic Essay
第一步：Analyse the key words in the prompt
Some words are significant and will need to be defined as part of your essay. In the example below, the key words are in bold:
“ Surrogate motherhood should be legalized in all countries so that everyone has a chance to have their own children. Discuss. ”
You will need a working definition of surrogate motherhood and legalized. A working definition is one that you will work with so you would choose one that suits your thesis.
第二步：Think of Your Thesis
It is now time to craft your essay. The most important idea in your essay is your central idea, which is called a thesis. The thesis controls the entire essay — all your main points will be a development of it, and all the minor supporting details will illustrate it. For the example essay prompt above, one thesis statement might be:
“ Surrogate motherhood is a useful（赞成） method for conceiving children, but（但有条件） should only be legalized where it is culturally appropriate to do so and for a clearly specified group of people. ”
Make sure that the thesis expresses a controlling idea that is neither too broad nor too specific to develop effectively and that it does not simply state the obvious.
第三步：Organise Your Material
以下是BayDue论文网小编为大家整理的Academic Essay Writing structure:
give brief background to the topic
address definition of key words and issues
state your thesis
outline your main points
delineate your argument showing what your stance is and how you will develop your ideas
provide transition into body paragraphs.
provide a topic sentence which says what the main point of each paragraphs paragraph is
provide supporting details for your topic sentence
synthesize what you have read; that is, show what different people think about the same point
show some critical thinking; that is, tell the readers what you think of what you have read
present some counterarguments, if you think they are strong ones, to show you understand there is an opposing viewpoint, but…
provide a refutation showing that you have an argument against that opposing viewpoint, and
recap your main points
reiterate your thesis, and
give your final word, if any.