Academic Essay Writing手册内容重点分析

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三种Assignment常见的写作形式
2018年4月23日
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Essay进化史|初级版(一):文章结构
2018年4月25日
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Writing an Academic Essay

第一步:Analyse the key words in the prompt

找出题目的重点,并且清楚了解意思,才能进一步发展出中心理论

Some words are significant and will need to be defined as part of your essay. In the example below, the key words are in bold:

“ Surrogate motherhood should be legalized in all countries so that everyone has a chance to have their own children. Discuss. ”

You will need a working definition of surrogate motherhood and legalized. A working definition is one that you will work with so you would choose one that suits your thesis.

第二步:Think of Your Thesis

清楚了解并且定义题目的意思之后,就可以开始思索论文的中心思想了(自己的论点),不管你是支持或反对,要清楚订下一个论文的方向(一个中心思想/一篇论文),才能开始延期出版描述思想要点以及相关的举例(主要和次要支持细节),请避免中心思想的定义太过广泛或太过狭窄,阻碍后面文章的脉络发展,请看下面的举例:

It is now time to craft your essay. The most important idea in your essay is your central idea, which is called a thesis. The thesis controls the entire essay — all your main points will be a development of it, and all the minor supporting details will illustrate it. For the example essay prompt above, one thesis statement might be:

“ Surrogate motherhood is a useful(赞成) method for conceiving children, but(但有条件) should only be legalized where it is culturally appropriate to do so and for a clearly specified group of people. ”

Make sure that the thesis expresses a controlling idea that is neither too broad nor too specific to develop effectively and that it does not simply state the obvious.

第三步:Organise Your Material

决定好中心思想后,就可以开始写作了,但不是随意发挥,想怎么写就怎么写,要了解文章脉络要怎么发展和架构才可有效地让别人读得懂。

以下是BayDue论文网小编为大家整理的Academic Essay Writing structure:

Introduction:

give brief background to the topic

address definition of key words and issues

state your thesis

outline your main points

delineate your argument showing what your stance is and how you will develop your ideas

provide transition into body paragraphs.

Body paragraphs:

provide a topic sentence which says what the main point of each paragraphs paragraph is

provide supporting details for your topic sentence

synthesize what you have read; that is, show what different people think about the same point

show some critical thinking; that is, tell the readers what you think of what you have read

present some counterarguments, if you think they are strong ones, to show you understand there is an opposing viewpoint, but…

provide a refutation showing that you have an argument against that opposing viewpoint, and

Conclusion:

recap your main points

reiterate your thesis, and

give your final word, if any.

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